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Social Studies
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The Monster




Concept of Hell



- Refusing to spend time with family- Not working to improve the community and society as a whole- Not donating to charity-Not taking part in community initiatives- Not treating everyone equal (rich and poor or young and old, everyone is equal)- Not praying regularly- Not making good, positive choices

Angra Mainyu is the god of darkness, the eternal destroyer of good, the creator of evil, bringer of death and disease. He is also known as Ahriman, and his name means "fiendish spirit". He is seen as the personification of evil and is the leader of the dark force of Hell.

The Chinvat Bridge (bridge of judgement) in Zoroastrianism is the sifting bridge which separates the world of the living from the world of the dead. All souls must cross the bridge upon death. The bridge is guarded by two four-eyed dogs. The Bridge's appearance varies depending on the observer's asha, or righteousness. As related in the text known as the Bundahishn, if a person has been wicked, the bridge will appear narrow and the demon Vizaresh will emerge and drag their soul into the druj-demana (the House of Lies), a place of eternal punishment and suffering similar to the concept of Hell. By all acounts the Zoroastrian Hell is a deep, dark, stinking place that is filled with wretched souls. There is no pleasantness, comfort or joy whatsoever, there is only pain, punishment, a rotten stench and filthiness. All punishments coincide with the persons sin in life, much life in christianity. Fortunately however, everyone eventually leaves Zoroastrian hell. They are purified and join the righteous in the reign of the god Ahura Mazda. If a person's good thoughts, words and deeds in life are many, the bridge will be wide enough to cross, and the Daena, a spirit representing revelation, will appear and lead the soul into the House of Song. Those souls that successfully cross the bridge are united with Ahura Mazda.

Zoroastrians believe that too few people follow the right path, that the evil ones at present outnumber the good. But they also believe that one day the Wise Lord will rectify things at the Great Renewal at the end of the present age, known as the Frashokereti . Fire, the son of Ahura Mazda, will flow like a river over the universe, as an ultimate sacrifice, destroying all before it, including even Hell, separating the good from the evil at this Last Judgment. Then, through ceremonies presided over by the savior and messiah, Saoshyant , the resurrection of the bodies of the good will take place and a new Golden Age will follow. There will once again be enjoyment of all foods and all the things from which there is pleasure and comfort and enjoyment for mankind. There will be a thousand times as many foods and tastes as there are now and Ahura Mazda will make the earth twice as great in length and width as it is now.

Gardiner, Eileen. "Zoroastrian Hell." Hell-On-Line. Self-Published, 10 Feb. 2006. Web. 2 Apr. 2015."Zoroastrianism." BBC News. BBC. Web. 2 Apr. 2015.Smart, Dr Anthony E. "Angra Mainyu." Encyclopedia Mythica. MMIX Encyclopedia Mythica, 3 Mar. 1997. Web. 2 Apr. 2015.

The concept of Hell in this religion frightens many people and almost scares them into being a just and noble person. According to many people the punishments in this version of Hell are actually much more severe than anything Dante could come up with so no one wants to experience it first hand.

- Zoroasrianism is a monotheistic, Iranian religion, which first came to be in the acient Persian empire.-Started by philosopher Zoraster during the tail end of the Bronze Age (circa 1500-1200 BCE)-Estimated 2.6 million worldwide followers.-The creator deity Ahura Mazda was the source of all that is good, and is engaged in a ceaseless battle with an evil deity named Angra Mainyu.-Basic idea is that through good deeds people can keep the chaos away (Angra Mainyu)


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