Zoroasterianism-Jessica Davis

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by Jessica2701
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
9

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Zoroasterianism-Jessica Davis

RitualsNavjote / Initiation: he Navjote is also known as Sedreh-Pushi. This is the initiation ceremony where a child, between the ages of seven and twelve, receives his or her sudreh and kusti and performs the 'Kusti Ritual' for the first time. Weddings: There are two stages to a Zoroastrian wedding, whether Parsi or Persian. In the first stage the bride and groom, as well as their guardians sign a marriage contract. The second stage is the service followed by feasts and the celebrations, which traditionally last from 3 to 7 days. During the service married female relatives hold a fine scarf (usually white) over the couple's heads while two crystallized sugar cones are rubbed together, to sweeten the couple's life. Then two parts of the scarf are sewn together with needle and thread to symbolize the uniting of the couple for the rest of their lives. Traditionally, both bride and the groom dress in white. Funerals : Instead of burying the corpse, Zoroastrians traditionally laid it out on a purpose built tower (dokhma or 'Tower of Silence') to be exposed to the sun and eaten by birds of prey such as vultures.

"By the grace of Ahura Mazda I am King. Ahura Mazda gave me this Kingdom" Darius I

Amount of Zoroastrians by Country

Zarathustra was believed to have lived during 600 B.C, and was a religious teacher and prophet of ancient Persia, which is the region covered by modern-day Iran and Iraq. Zarathushtra's complete name is Zarathushtra Haechataspa Spitama. He is also referred to as Zoroaster, which is the Greek rendering of his name.It is believed that Zarathustra left his family and traveled at the age of twenty. At the age of thirty he had his first series of revelations from Divine Beings and came into the Presence of Ahura Mazda. It is believed that he spent years in the wilderness communing with God before his first vision, in which Vohu Manah came to him in the form of an Angel. All the heavenly entities, the Amesha Spentas, instructed Zarathustra in heaven, and he received perfect knowledge of past, present, and future.

The Zorastrian holy book is called the Avesta. This includes the original words of their founder Zarathushtra, preserved in a series of five hymns, called the Gathas. The latter represent the basic source of the religion. The Gathas are abstract sacred poetry, directed towards the worship of the One God, understanding of righteousness and cosmic order, promotion of social justice and individual choice between good and evil.

Zoroastrian Practices-Their worship includes prayers and symbolic ceremonies.-Members are dedicated to a three-fold path, as shown in their motto: "Good thoughts, good words, good deeds."-Members can pray at home instead of going to a temple if they wish. -Zoroastrians use three calendars: Shenshai, Qadimi and Fasli.-Zoroastrians do not generally accept converts.-Many Zoroastrians actively discourage and do not recognize inter-faith marriages.

Cultural Diffusion

Although Zoroastrianism is not a major religion, it has an impact that is still noticeable in many other more religions. Zoroastrianism might have had a major impact on Christianity and Islam. One major concept that is shared between Christianity and Zoroastrianism is that Zoroastrians believe there is a clear heaven and hell which Christians believe true. Zoroastrians also believe that their savior was born of a virgin, just as Jesus was born of a virgin in the Christian faith. Zoroastrians believe in a second coming just as many Christians do. Zoroastrianism is also very similar to Islam. Muslims strive for ritual cleanness which comes from the teachings of Zarathustra. Also, Zarathustra is also considered a prophet from Muhammad himself drawing a direct connection from Islam to Zoroastrianism. Since Zoroastrianism is the oldest religion, it has definitely had an influence on younger monotheistic religions. There is no doubt that Zoroastrianism has had a major impact on Islam and Christianity.

"AP Human Geography » Blog Archive » Zoroastrianism." AP Human Geography RSS. Hershey High School, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014.BBC. "Religion: Zoroastrianism." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2014."Content Pages of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Science." Content Pages of the Encyclopedia of Religion and Social Science. Hartford Institute for Religion Research, n.d. Web. 17 Oct. 2014."Zoroastrianism." - ReligionFacts. Religion Facts, n.d. Web. 14 Oct. 2014."A Brief Introduction to Zoroastrianism." The Translation Agency For A Complete Professional Translation Service. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014."Zorastrianism." Zorastrianism. Religioustolerance.org, n.d. Web. 20 Oct. 2014."Zoroastrianism and Avesta: Overview and FAQ." Zoroastrianism and Avesta: Overview and FAQ. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Oct. 2014.

What is Zoroastrianism?A Persian religion founded in the 6th century b.c.e. by prophet Zarathustra (Zoroaster), promulgated in the Avesta, and characterized by worship of a supreme god Ahura Mazda who requires good deeds for help in his cosmic struggle against the evil spirit Ahriman.

Timeline

Zarathustra

1600 B.C.E.- Zoroastrianism is brought to Persia by Zarathustra that at the age of 30 believed he had seen visions of God, whom he called Ahura Mazda, the creator of all that is good and who alone is worthy of worship.600 B.C.E.- Zoroastrianism becomes widely popular in Iran. The first Zoroastrian scriptures that are written are known as the Gathas.220-650 C.E.- The Sasanids started to officially support the Zoroastrians. They convert to Zoroastrians.651 C.E.- Persecution of Zoroastrians begans after the Arab Muslims defeat the Sasanids. The Zoroastrian Sasanid falls apart900 C.E.- Zoroastrians escape persecution and go to India.1381 C.E.- Timur Lenk, was a Turk Samarkand, who invaded and killed many Zoroastrians1640-1720- Zoroastrians continue to be persecuted and are forced through conversions in Afghanistan and Iran.1878- Charles Poston built the first fire temple in the United States naming it the "Parsee Hill". It is located in Florence, Arizona, now it is known as Postons' Butte.1890-1979- Zoroastrians are starting to recieve less persecution in Iran1979- The Iranian also known as the Islamic Revolution led to more persecution. This causec the Zoroastrians to move to India, Europe, and The U.S.2000-Now- Many are sprawn throughout the world.

A Brief History

HolidaysMarch 21: Naw-RuzDecember 21: YaldaDecember 26: Zarthust No Diso

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