World War I

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War I
Grade:
10

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World War I

Mustard gas, also known as Sulfur Mustard, is a clear oily irritant used in Chemical weapons. The armies would include this gas in weapons such as grenades to expose their enemy to the vapor. When exposed to this gas, a person will develope large blisters on the skin exposed and in their lungs. These blisters could take up to 24 hours to appear. Many of the soldiers who were exposed to this gas had suffered from intense burns mostly ranging from first to second degree. Third degree burns were often fatal. Even though mustard gas was very affective, it took longer to kill its victims than the Chlorine gas that was also used in the war.

Historical Background

"[The] vapor settled to the ground like a swamp mist and drifted toward the French trenches on a brisk wind. Its effect on the French was a violent nausea and faintness, followed by an utter collapse. It is believed that the Germans, who charged in behind the vapor, met no resistance at all, the French at their front being virtually paralyzed."

Most of World War I was fought by a new style of fighting called "Trench Warfare". This new style had the opposing armies fighting in trenches only about 100 yards from one another. The Germans were the first to attack using chemical weapons such as mustard gas to attempt to take out the enemy's front line. The first use of mustard gas, by Germany, during the trench warfare was in 1917. By the end of the war, more than one million soldiers and civilians were injured by the use of chemical weaponry.

Historical Question

What is Mustard Gas and how did it affect the soldiers of the first World War?

Citations

Primary Document:"Gas Attack, 1917." Eye Witness to History. Retrieved on January 10, 21015 from http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/gas.htmSecondary Documents:"Effects of Mustard Gas." How Stuff Works. Retrieved on January 12, 2015 from http://science.howstuffworks.com/mustard-gas3.htm"Gas Warfare." Armory. Retrieved on January 13, 2015 from http://www.worldwar1.com/arm006.htm

World War I

Answer / Info

Quote

Mustard Gas Video

Chemical attack


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