World War 2: Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet

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by KingCorndog555
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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
8

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World War 2: Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet

World War II

War in the Pacific

The United States officially entered World War 2 when a Japanese strike force launched a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, where the US fleet was stationed. The event was broadcast the next day by Franklin D. Roosevelt, and became known as "The Day of Infamy".On December 7, 1941, a Japanese force of 28 ships, 28 submarines, and 414 aircraft, launched a surprise attack on the US naval fleet anchored in Pearl Harbor, on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. Their goal was to disable the US fleet. The Japanese aircraft destroyed 4 US battleships, crippled 4 more, and destroyed countless destroyers and cruisers. However, the American aircraft carriers were not touched, because they happened to be at at sea at the time of the attack.When the American public learned of the attack on Pearl Harbor, they were in complete outrage. They had just been sneak attacked after saying that they would stay out of the war.

Pearl Harbor

Battles of the Pacific

The End of the War and the Atomic Bomb

As 1945 dawned, the Japanese had been pushed back to their homeland, and were essentially fighting for the survival of mainland Japan. The US government had asked for Japanese surrender, and had been given the statement that the Japanese would fight to the last man to defend their homeland. The US was reluctant to commit the resources necessary to invade mainland Japan, knowing that the death toll would be appalling on both sides. So, they sought an alternative way to end the war. They happened to have just finished developing a new weapon---one that was made to end the war in Europe, but was completed after Germany surrendered. This weapon was the atomic bomb, and the US was prepared to unleash its power on its enemies.The atomic bomb, developed by nuclear scientist Robert Oppenheimer and his team at the Los Alamos nuclear test site, at the time was the most devastating weapon in the history of mankind. Atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, and later on Nagasaki on August 11, causing an estimated 200,000 civilian casualties. Japan surrendered on August 12, 1945, within a few days of the bombing of Nagasaki.

American Suspicion of Immigrants From Enemy Nations

When the US entered World War 2, they immediately became suspicious of immigrants who had come from countries that they were at war with. Germans and Italians were discriminated against, but were still allowed to go about their daily lives. Most suspicions were towards Japanese-Americans. Unlike the Germans and Italians, Americans were genuinely afraid of the Japanese. They were afraid that there was going to be a Japanese attack on the American mainland. This possibility meant that every Japanese-American was viewed as a spy, who was working undercover for Japan, in order to gather intelligence and use sabotoge to wreck havoc on American industry.

Relationship to Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet

Events in the war explain why there was so much prejudice towards the Japanese-Americans in Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet. The Japanese were officially the enemy of the United States, and had launched surprise attacks against American forces in the Philippines, and in Hawaii. This explains why people like Will Whitworth felt that they had to fight the "yellow menace" on the home front, because there was real fear that there would be a Japanese attack on the mainland of the US.

At first, the Japanese had the upper hand. They invaded Malaysia, pushed the British out of Singapore in a few months, and forced US general Douglas McArthur to withdraw from the Philippines, where he said his famous words, "I shall return." They also invaded New Guinea, and were planning to invade Australia. But this was to be the last Japanese triumph, as the American war machine was swinging into action. The US quickly rebuilt its navy, and began readying for a counter-offensive against the Japanese.The tide began to turn after the battles of Coral Sea and Midway, which severely crippled the Japanese air and naval forces. The Japanese advance through New Guinea was halted, and General McArthur, true to his word, did return to the Philippines, and drove the Japanese out. With Southeast Asia once again secure, the US began grinding the Japanese back to their homeland, liberating Malaysia, Burma, and Indochina. The noose around Japan continued to tighten, with US victories at Guam, Okinawa, and Iwo jima. The war was going to end, but at what cost?

The USS Arizona sinks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor

The Japanese super battleship Yamoto goes up in flames, after being attacked by a huge mass of torpedos and American fighter aircraft.

Links to Works Cited

1. http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=100051552. http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/pacificwar/timeline.htm3. http://www.wtj.com/articles/pacific_summary/

The American Theater

Japan formulated a plan to attack the American mainland, in response to an American bombing of the Japanese mainland. A force of 20 Japanese long-range submarines was dispatched, instructed to cause havoc and divert money and manpower from the war effort in the Pacific. A fort in Oregon was shelled by a submarine, firebombs were dropped on Oregon forests, and thousands of paper balloons, laden with bombs, were launched across the Pacific. None of these attacks accomplished anything remotely useful, and only succeeded in making people fear an imminent attack on the American mainland. For more information, visit this

Franklin D Roosevelt delivers day of infamy speech

Bombing of Hiroshima

Link

Timeline of WWII In Relationship to Hotel on the Corner of Bitter and Sweet


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