[2014] Valera Davis: World War 2

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by GMSTeacher2013
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World War II
Grade:
9

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[2014] Valera Davis: World War 2

World War 2

World Events

1939

Soviet Union and Germany sign a nonagression pact.Germany invades Poland.World War 2 begins in Europe.

At 0755 local time the first wave of between 50 and 150 planes struck the naval base for 35 minutes causing several fires and "untold damage" to the Pacific Fleet.The Japanese squadrons dropped high-explosive and incendiary bombs.A second strike followed at about 0900 when a force of at least 100 planes pounded the base for an hour.

World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier. It involved the vast majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (during which approximately 11 million people were killed) and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centres (during which approximately one million people were killed, including the use of two nuclear weapons in combat), it resulted in an estimated 50 million to 85 million fatalities. These made World War II the deadliest conflict in human history.

Accounts differ as to the cause of death; one states that he died by poison onlyand another that he died by a self-inflicted gunshot while biting down on a cyanide capsule. Contemporary historians have rejected these accounts as being either Soviet propaganda or an attempted compromise in order to reconcile the different conclusions. One eye-witness recorded that the body showed signs of having been shot through the mouth, but this has been proven unlikely. There is also controversy regarding the authenticity of skull and jaw fragments which were recovered. In 2009, DNA tests were performed on a skull Soviet officials had long believed to be Hitler's. According to the American researchers, the tests revealed that the skull was actually that of a woman less than 40 years old. The jaw fragments which had been recovered were not tested by the American researchers.

World War 2 officially started on September 1, 1939, after Germany invaded Poland, and it continued until 1945 when both Japan and Germany surrendered. 16 million American soldiers served in World War 2, along with the civilian supporters that worked behind the scenes for the war effort.World War 2 records are comprehensive and contain information about the various military branches, as well as data on the civilian units that helped with the war. These types of World War 2 records include the civilian nurses corps and presidential papers that often documented personal participation in the war effort.Many of the World War 2 records are organized by military branch and unit instead of by individual, and the best place to begin a World War 2 records search is by starting with the military personnel discharge form. This form details the soldier's rank, dates of service, service number, awards and unit. There are also POW records, as well as World War 2 records, pertaining to African American soldiers and the role of women in the war.

AlliesMilitary dead:Over 16,000,000Civilian dead:Over 45,000,000Total dead:Over 61,000,000 (1937–45)AxisMilitary dead:Over 8,000,000Civilian dead:Over 4,000,000Total dead:Over 12,000,000 (1937–45)

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1940

Germany conquers France. Japan, Italy, and Germany form the Axis alliance.

German submarines sink a U.S. destroyer.Japan bombs Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

1945

Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin meet at Yalta.Adolf Hitler commits suicide.Germany and Japan surrender, ending World War2

1941


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