World War 1

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World War 1

World War 1: A New Kind of War

A Look Back In Time

Innovations in WarfareBy Cindy BotelloSince industrialization was quickly growing, it's logical that World War 1 was an industrialized war. Weapons were being mass-produced the same way any other product was manufactored. There were many new weapons including submarines, machine guns, long-range artilleries and airplanes. These weapons were very convenient to all the countries fighting. Weapons weren't the only thing changing, so were the soldiers. In previous European wars, professional soldiers were mainly the ones fighting. However in World War 1, drafted citizens were the ones fighting. Men not drafted were left to help their country's war effort at home, working in arm factories with the women. Propaganda was widely used to get people to back their country's war effort. Media praised their own countries, while showing the enemy as cruel and heartless.

The Belligerents By Cindy BotelloThe summer of 1914 consisted of belligerents, or warring nations. The soldiers who marched off prepared to get an easy victory were in for a surprise. The war lasted four horrid years. It was fought by two mighty sides. Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgary, and the Ottoman Empire made up the Central Powers. Their territory allowed them easy communification and quick troop movement. Great Britain, France, Russia, and their partners made up the Allied Powers, or the Allies. They had a greater industrial capacity and more soldiers. Since British had the largest navy, getting food and raw materials around the world was easy. It also enabled them to blockade the Central Powers. The Allies was eventually made up of 32 countries.

Early Years of the War By Cindy BotelloIn 1914, German troops were trying to reach Paris. The French and British armies fought back and were able to save Paris. By late August 1914, the Russians fought a German force and suffered an embarrassing defeat. Despite having a bigger army, Russia didn't have the right weapons. Great Britain and France realized this and decided to capture the Constantinople in the Ottoman Empire. They wanted to be able to send the needed supplies to Russia. However they failed to capture the Constantinople. Both Britain and Germany set up blockades. In May 1915, a German submarine sunk a ship carrying 128 Americans. U.S. president, Woodrow Wilson, warned Germany he wouldn't allow another incident. Germany cut back on its submarine attacks, worried of provoking the US to enter the war. By late 1915, the war had become a slow wearing-down process with each side trying to outlast the other.

The United States and World War 1By Cindy Botello At first, the United States didn't want to be part of WW1. Americans traded with both sides. However, as Britain tightened their blockade on Germany, most of the trading was between the Allies and the U.S. British propaganda about Germany angered Americans. Americans didn't know the stories were exaggerated or untrue. The U.S. was pushed towards entering the war in 1917. German foreign minister, Arthur Zimmermann, sent a secret telegraph to the German ambassador in Mexico asking Mexico to fight on their side in exchange for Germany's help in regaining Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas for Mexico. Britain decoded the telegraph and it was published in the American newspapers. Germany also continued using their submarines to sink ships carrying American passengers. The Allies were moving towards democracy. America, being a democratic nation, fought on the Allies side. U.S. Congress officially declared war on Germany on April 6, 1917.


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