World News Weekly

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by CraythornKWWHS
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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World News Weekly

After the armistice in November of 1918 the Allies were tasked with arranging peace terms. In January the Allies met outside of Paris at Versailles. The four major dominating Allied powers became known as the Big Four. Although a treaty that was fair to all nations was to be written that wasn’t the case. After WW1 Europe faced many confusing political situations like the Ottoman Empire on the verge of collapsing. With many territorial demands between France, Italy, Belgium, and Japan the land disputed over had absolutely no say I the matter. Germany was one of those said lands. With the territory claims also came the dispute about who should pay the reparations from the war. Most Allied leaders wanted Germany to pay. However because of the dispute President Wilson proposed setting up a League of Nations.

Defeat of the Central PowersBy: Kaylee Craythorn

In August of 1914 Japan entered the war on the side of the Triple Entente. Japan joined for the chance to gain German possessions in China and the Pacific. During this time all nations in the Triple Alliance and Triple Entente, excluding Italy, were at war. Italy stayed neutral for ten months until they signed a secret treaty with the Triple Entente guaranteeing them a share of the spoils after they defeat Austria-Hungary. After signing this treaty Italy entered the war in May of 1915. In October of 1914 the Ottoman Empire joined the Triple Alliance in the war. The Triple Alliance gained an advantage thanks to the Ottomans because they controlled the Dardanelles, a strait between the Mediterranean and Black sea. The Triple Alliance could now control who and what could pass through the strait.

Germany gained an advantage when they signed the Treaty of Brest Litovsk with Russia. The treaty allowed them to concentrate more on the offense in the western front in 1918 against the Allied forces. This was a last attempt to try to break through enemy lines. Under French marshal Ferdinand Foch’s command the Allied forces stopped the Germans at Chateau-Thierry and came up with a counterattack. Due to the Allied force’s offense attacks they pushed the Germans back to Germany. During this time Bulgaria and Turkey surrendered causing the Central powers to weaken. Austria-Hungary also had broken the old Habsburg Empire and formed two separate countries. When President Wilson told Germany that he would only speak to a government that only represented the people the Kaiser of Germany gave up the throne. In November Germany then signed an armistice and canceled the treaty with Russia.

The U.S & World War 1By: Kaylee Craythorn

Most Americans believed that America should remain neutral in the war. President Wilson also felt this way and agreed that the war was strictly a European affair. Although they remained neutral the U.S supplied food, raw materials, and ammunition to both sides. After a while the U.S traded more with the Alliance due to blockades. During 1917 several things contributed to the U.S joining the war.One incident involved a German official secretly proposing an alliance between them and Mexico. This proposal stated that Germany would help Mexico regain Arizona, New Mexico and Texas if they would help them in the war. Britain obtained the telegram and decoded it. Another incident involved Germany sinking many ships that had Americans aboard. The third reason is that many countries started to move towards democracy, the U.s was a huge supporter. On April 6, 1917 U.S Congress declared war on Germany.

World at War

The Paris Peace ConferenceBy: Kaylee Craythorn

The War ExpandsBy: Kaylee Craythorn

World News Weekly


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