Wood Thrush

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Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
11

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Wood Thrush

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Wood Thrush

By: Katie Genirs

Classification:AnimaliaChordataAvesPasseriformesTurdidaeHylochichlamustelina

Physical Description: --Both male and female have cinnamon brown top feathers and a distinctive spotted underbelly.--Pot-bellied with a short tail, straight bill, and white eyering.

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Habitat: --Mainly deciduous woodlands.--In the winter, they migrate to Central America in the lowland tropical forests.

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Migration:--Long-distance migrant. --2x per year, they cross the Gulf of Mexico in a single night’s flight. They spend the fall and winter in Central America.They return north in spring 2 to 6 times faster on a route that's generally somewhat farther west.

Diet:--Mostly insects and berries.--Forages on the ground.--Occasionally eats fruit.

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Nesting:--Female weaves a cup-shaped nest with grass, leaves, etc.--Usually placed in vertical fork of branches, 10-15 feet above ground.--Average of 3 to 4 eggs.

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Population:--Numbers have declined seriously in recent decades. --Cowbirds lay eggs in their nests, so the thrushes often raise cowbirds, with few young of their own. --As forests are cut into smaller fragments, it becomes easier for cowbirds to penetrate these woodlots and find more of the thrush nests. --They are also losing wintering habitat in the tropics.

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Citations:"Wood Thrush." All About Birds. Cornell Lab of Ornithology, n.d. Web. 30 Jan. 2015."Wood Thrush." Audubon. N.p., 13 Nov. 2014. Web. 31 Jan. 2015. .

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FUN FACTS!--It is the official bird of the District of Columbia.--Thrushes have a complex voice that allows them to sing two notes simultaneously, thus harmonizing with their own tune.


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