Women reproductive system

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by julian1301
Last updated 8 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Women reproductive system

Reproductive System

The female reproductive system is designed to carry out several functions. It produces the female egg cells necessary for reproduction, called the ova or oocytes. The system is designed to transport the ova to the site of fertilization. During menopause the female reproductive system gradually stops making the female hormones necessary for the reproductive cycle to work.

Labia majora: The labia majora enclose and protect the other external reproductive organs.Labia minora: the labia minora can be very small or up to 2 inches wide. Bartholin’s glands: These glands are located next to the vaginal opening and produce a fluid (mucus) secretion.Clitoris: the clitoris is very sensitive to stimulation and can become erect.Vagina: The vagina is a canal that joins the cervix (the lower part of uterus) to the outside of the body. It also is known as the birth canal.Uterus (womb): The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ that is the home to a developing fetus.Ovaries: The ovaries are small, oval-shaped glands that are located on either side of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones.Fallopian tubes: These are narrow tubes that are attached to the upper part of the uterus and serve as tunnels for the ova (egg cells) to travel from the ovaries to the uterus


Amenorrhoea: absence of menstruationAnaplasia: highly malignant cellsAntepartum haemorrhage: abnormal bleeding from the womb before the birthBicornuate: uterus abnormality where womb has two cavitiesCaput succedaneum: soft swelling caused by free fluid (oedema) on the head of a newborn baby at, or shortly after, birth - disappears rapidlyCarneous mole: pregnancy ceases and products of conception are retained in the wombCervical erosion: erosion of the neck of the wombCervical polyp: a stalk-like benign tumour in the cervix


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