Women of World War 2

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by hayplittle
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies
World War II

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Women of World War 2

Almost 35,000 women joined the armed forces. By the urges of Eleanor Roosevelt and women groups, general George Marshallbsupported the idea of a women's service branch in the army. By May 1942, congress instituted the Womens Auxiliary Army Corps, which was later updated to the Women's Army Corps and had all military privileges. The member known as WAC's worked in more than 200 non-combatant jobs stateside and in every part of the war. By 1945 there were more than 100,000 WAC's and 6,000 female officers. From there on others such as the navy, Cost Guard, and Marine Corps followed suit and instituted women branches although in smaller numbers.

Women worked in many different positions during the war but the aviation industry saw the most increase in female workers. In the U.S. Aircraft industry more the 350,000 females worked during 1943. This represented 65% of the industry's whole workforce. The munitions industry also encouraged women workers, as presented in the "Rosie the Riveter" campaign. This was based on real life munition workers but was also mainly a fictional character, the strong, badana wearing Rosie eventually became one of the most successful recruitment tools in American History. Also became the most iconic image for working women during World War Two. The Rosie campaign stressed the need for women to enter the workforce through newspapers, posters, photographs, and many more. Though womn were an important part of the war effort they often lagged behind men, they rarely maden even half the wages men did.

Women played large roles during World War Two, almost 350,000 women served in the U.S. In both the home and abroad. During this time with make enlistment being widespread it left many openings in the industrial work force. Between the time of 1940 and 1945 the female workforce employment increase by 10%. By 1945 almost one out of event four married women worked outside their homes.

Women of World War 2


Work force

Armed forces

Rosie the Riviter

A lesser known role the women played during the war was the role of being a WASP. Each and everyone of these women already had their pilots license, and became the first women to fly American Military Aircrafts. They flew planes from factories to bases, they also transported cargo and participated in target mission. Female pilots were able to free thousands of male U.S. Pilots for active duty during the war. More than 1,00 WASP's served and 38 parished during the war. These deceased women didn't gain any military recognition until 1977.

Women Airforce Service Pilots


Rosie the Riveter


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