Wilm's Tumor

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by japullins
Last updated 7 years ago

Human Anatomy

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Wilm's Tumor

Created by: J. Pullins

Because......Wilms' tumor is a rare kidney cancer that primarily affects children. Also known as nephroblastoma, Wilms' tumor is the most common cancer of the kidneys in children. Wilms' tumor most often affects children ages 3 to 4 and becomes much less common after age 5.Wilms' tumor most often occurs in just one kidney, though it can sometimes be found in both kidneys at the same time.

Approximately 500 cases are diagnosed in the U.S. annually. The majority (75%) occur in otherwise normal children; a minority (25%) are associated with other developmental abnormalities. It is highly responsive to treatment, with about 90% of patients surviving at least five years.

Wilm's TumorIt is named after Dr Max Wilms, the German surgeon (1867–1918) who first described it.

Why ?

SYMPTOMSWilms' tumor doesn't always cause signs and symptoms. Children with Wilms' tumor may appear healthy, or they may experience: Abdominal swelling An abdominal mass you can feel Abdominal pain Fever Blood in the urine



The main types of treatment for Wilms tumor are: Surgery Chemotherapy Radiation therapyThe first goal of treatment is to remove the primary (main) tumor, even if the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body. Sometimes the tumor might be hard to remove because it is very large, it has spread into nearby blood vessels or other vital structures, or it’s in both kidneys. For these children, doctors might use chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or a combination of the 2 to try to shrink the tumor(s) before surgery.



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