William Shakespeare

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare


They had to use their imagination because there were no backdrops, no lighting to speak of, horrific acoustics, and few if any props. When the people were watching the theatre they saw actors who exaggerating their movement and shouted their lines so everybody could hear. The actors had colorful clothes. It were no artificial lighting, so that’s why the plays occurred in the early afternoon. From 2 pm until roughly 4 or 5 pm.The Globe Theatre also known as the Shakespeare Globe Theatre was not only one of most famous playhouse’s of all time, but the play house where Shakespeare performed many of his greatest plays. Built from oak, deal, and stolen playhouse frames, the 3 storey, 3000 capacity Globe Theatre, co-owned by William Shakespeare has become almost as famous as the playwright himself.Closest to the stage did the “daily workers” stand at eye level some 5 feet off the ground, so they did get the closest view. The one who could pay more money, could pay to sit in one of the three circular galleries. The gentry with time on their hands and comfort on the minds did frequently paying more for the comfort and status.

Elisabeth’s era 1558-1603It was the highlight of the English Renaissance and English literature and poetry flourished. It was during this time the Elizabethan theater grew and William Shakespeare, among others, wrote plays that were significantly different from England’s previous play style. There was a time when England expanded and explored abroad, while the Protestant Reformation in the home was established and successfully defended against the Catholic forces on the continent. Queen Elisabeth tried to prevent contradictions between Catholics and Protestants. She held on to the Protestants and when the Pope Pius V declared that the Catholics didn’t want her as a ruler this led to major conflicts both in England and Spain. However queen Elisabeth I was one of the most significant regents when it came to politics and culture. The population also increased in the county during this time. The country had more than 4 million inhabitants, which most lived in rural areas and the Elizabethan period was a good time for the English peasantry. London also flourished and doubled its population during the second half of the 16:th century from about 100 000 to 200 000 inhabitants.

PoemsIn 1593 and 1594, when the theatres were closed, Shakespeare published poems. For example Venus and Adonis and The Rape of Lucrece. In Venus and Adonis, an innocent Adonis rejects the sexual advances of Venus, while in The Rape of Lucrece, the wife Licrece is raped by Tarquin.The third poem, A Lover’s Complaint, which a young lady feels sorry for her seduction by a suitor, 1609. Most people now accept that Shakespeare wrote A Lover’s Complaint but critics consider that its good qualities have good effects. The Phoenix and the Turtle, which is about the deaths of the phoenix and his lover, the turtle. The poem was even published under Shakespeare’s name without his permission. PlaysShakespeare’s work include the 36 plays printed in the First Folio of 1623, listed to their folio as comedies, histories and tragedies. Two plays not included in the First Folio, The Two Noble Kinsmen and Pericles and Prince of Tyre, are now accepted as part of the canon. No Shakespearean poems were included in the First Folio.In the late 19th century, Edward Dowden classified four of the late comedies as romances, and though many people prefer to call them tragicomedies, Dowden’s term is often used.Most playwrights of the period, collaborated with others at some point, and critics agree that Shakespeare did the same, mostly early and late in his career. The first recorded works of Shakespeare are Richard III and the three parts of Henry VI, written in the early 1590s during a vogue for historical drama.


No one knows for sure when William Shakespeare was born but they believe he was born on or near April 23, 1564 in Stratford. William was the third child of John Shakespeare, a leather merchant, and Mary Arden, a local landed heiress. William had two older sisters, Joan and Judith, and three younger brothers, Gilbert, Richard and Edmund. They believe that he most likely attended the King's New School, in Stratford, which taught reading, writing and the classics.On November 28, 1582 William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway in Worcester, in Canterbury Province. William was 18 and Anne was 26 and as it turns out, pregnant. They had three children, Susanna, Hamnet and Judith. Hamnet later died of unknown causes. In his grown up life he wrote many poems and plays. He became famous because of his writings.




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