William Hogarth

by VasylLoboiko
Last updated 3 years ago

Discipline:
Arts & Music
Subject:
Artist Biographies

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William Hogarth

I’d like to tell you about William Hogarth. Born in London, he was the son of a poor schoolmaster, he was the fifth child in his family. William Hogarth was apprenticed to a silversmith, where he became a master of engraving and opened his own plate-engraving shop seven years after he started. Through his shop, Hogarth became acquainted with Sir James Thornhill, whose art academy soon hosted Hogarth regularly and was the only place where he studied. Sir James Thornhill was an English painter in the baroque tradition. (Hogarth also married Thornhill's daughter, Jane, in 1729.) While at Thornhill's academy, Hogarth created a series of illustrations of Samuel Butler's poems and thereafter continued making engravings of scenes from theatrical shows. Hogarth soon began establishing his reputation with works such as The South Sea Scheme (1721) and The Lottery (1721). The first painting caricatures the financial speculation, corruption and credulity, while the second painting criticizes the government for raising money by lottery. Throughout the 1730s and 1740s, the artist’s reputation grew and so did his interest in social and moral reform. Hogarth’s work took on a distinctly social tone, pointing out London’s problems with crime, gambling, and alcoholism. Industry and Idleness (1747) was designed to encourage young boys to work harder and thus achieve success. Beer Street and Gin Lane (1751), focused on widespread sale and consumption of alcohol.Hogarth died in 1764 in his home in Leicester Fields, leaving behind an extraordinary legacy. Working almost entirely outside the academic art establishment, he revolutionized the popular art market and the role of the artist. Hogarth strived to create works of great aesthetic beauty but also ones that would help to make London a better city for future generations.

William Hogarth

Sir James Thornhill

William Hogarth


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