Who was Socrates?

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by skivers3
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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Who was Socrates?

Socrates was born circa 470 BC, in Athens, Greece. We know of his life through the writings of his students, including Plato and Xenophon. His "Socratic method," laid the groundwork for Western systems of logic and philosophy. When the political climate of Greece turned, Socrates was sentenced to death by hemlock poisoning in 399 BC. He accepted this judgment rather than fleeing into exile.

Accomplishments

Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. He pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness. Ultimate wisdom comes from knowing oneself. The more a person knows, the greater his or her ability to reason and make choices that will bring true happiness. Socrates believed that this translated into politics with the best form of government being neither a tyranny nor a democracy. Instead, government worked best when ruled by individuals who had the greatest ability, knowledge, and virtue and possessed a complete understanding of themselves.

Lasting Impact

Teaching through step-by-step questions that are designed to lead the student to the truth

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Who was Socrates?

He is richest who is content with the least, for content is the wealth of nature.-Socrateswww.brainyquote.com

Not to be confused with this guy!


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