What is CALL?

by SANDYULVR
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Computer Science

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What is CALL?

CALL

WHAT IS CALL?•The area of technology and second language teaching and learning.•The search for and study of applications of the computer in language teaching and learning.•Any process in which a learner uses a computer and, as a result, improves his or her language.•CALL has come to encompass issues of materials design, technologies, pedagogical theories and modes of instruction.

ADVANTAGES•Enhances the motivation level of the students.•CALL programs can be customized.•Computers are useful in group activities as well as in imparting individualized instruction.•No limitations regarding practice-sessions or time.•It has a powerful self-access facility and gives immense scope for selflearning.•Teachers give students exercises to write. Students most often do not revise or correct the scripts immediately even though they are incorrect. CALL software has tutorial modes which help the students explore the correct answers and learn from their mistakes.•Computers can store, access and analyze more data than books, creating a technology enabled exciting learning environment.•Provide immediate feedback.•CALL programs besides helping to learn a foreign language, also provide computer literacy. •Requested information is provided in a very short time, almost instantaneously.

A Brief History of CALLWhen was CALL conceived?•CALL’s origins can be traced back to the 1960’s.•Conceived in the 1950’s and implemented in the 1960’s and 1970’s.What was one of the first CALL programs?•The PLATO project initiated at the University of Illinois in 1960.•PLATO (Programmed Logic for Automatic Teaching Operations)What were the characteristics of the first CALL progrmas?•Programs entailed repetitive drills.•Confined mainly to universities.•Based on Skinners behaviouristic model.•The arrival of the personal computer (PC) in the late 1970’s brought computting within the range of a wider audience.

TYPES OF CALL PROGRAMS•Generic software: applications designed for general purposes•Word, Excel, PowerPoint, etc.•CALL-specific software: applications designed to develop and facilitate language learning•CD-ROMs, web-based interactive language learning exercises/quizzes •Web-based learning programsonline dictionaries, online encyclopedias, blogs, wikis, news/magazine sites, etc.•Computer-mediated communication (CMC)programs•synchronous - online chat; •asynchronous - email, discussion forum, message board


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