What is Autism

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by angelcates
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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What is Autism

Hart Barnett, J.E., & Crippen R. (2014). Eight steps to school-based employment training for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability. Physical Disabilities: Education & Related Services, 33(2), 1-15. doi:10.14434/ pders.v33i2.5186Johnston, M. (2013, December 8). What is autism? [Video File]. Retrieved from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fBkciQkDml8Salend, S.J. (2011). Creating inclusive classrooms: Effective and Reflective Process. Upper Saddle River, NJ.: Pearson. Slaughter, V.P. (2014). Autism. Magill's Medical Guide (Online ed.). Retrieved from http://eds.b.ebscohost.com/eds/detail/detail? sid=f284dcf7-094b-4c48-99ab-1d11d259cd3d%40sessionmgr114&vid=7&hid=114&bdata=JnNpdG U9ZWRzLWxpdmUmc2NvcGU9c2l0ZQ%3d %3d#AN=86193916&db=ers


What is autism?



Background Information

-The first name of the parents are Charla and Sean and child's name is Bridget.-Charla, the mother, is 8 classes away from completing a bachelors in Business Management. Sean, the father, does not have any formal education. -Charla worked at a shoe store during the school year but is not currently working. Sean is U.S. Navy on a bomb squad and is attached to a weapons ship. Their home is located is located in Chesapeake, VA.

Charla found that ABA (Applied Behavior Analysis), speech therapy, and occupational therapy were not beneficial for Bridget. When Bridget was younger, she had to overcome challenges with toilet training. Charla does not have child care and it is difficult for her to work. She has to find a job that can be flexible with her children's school schedule. She is not able to work in the summer at all.

From school and Bridget's teacher, she her learned toileting skills, communication skills, and social skills. She able to interact with peers at school.

Salend's (2011) states the following about autism: Students with autism may have trouble staying engaged, responding to verbal cues and interacting with others, displaying affect, showing affection, and forming attachments with others. the may engage in repetitive behaviors and have challenges learning and understanding and using language and engaging in social behaviors. (p.87)

I was able to relate to Charla a lot because I have a son with severe autism. However, it was interesting to see a child on the opposite end of the autism spectrum. She has had to overcome many obstacles, because she also has a child with severe downs syndrome. She is blessed that she has a good marriage and that her husband is supportive.

-According to Slaughter (2014), autism has no cure. However, there are many ways to treat autism, because they exhibit so many different symptoms. She states, "Available treatments include behavior modification, social skills training, speech/language therapy, occupational therapy, music therapy, dietary interventions and medication, among others" (Slaughter, 2014, p.1)-Barnett and Crippen (2014) found that, "Researchers have cited meaning integrated employment as a criticial goal for youth with developmental disabilities as it is associated with greater social and community inclusion, economic self-sufficiency, and overall personal life satisfaction" (p.2).

Bridget is a 17 year old girl that has mild autism. She appeared to a happy child. Charla, her mother, explained to me that she does have seizures from time to time and is taking medication for that condition. She does not have too many sensory issues, and she will eat a variety of foods. She was eating cereal at the time that I was observing. That demostrated to me that she has normal fine motor skills. She is able to go to the bathroom independently and able to dress herself independently as well. She has good receptive and expressive languages. She understands everything that you say to her, and she able to communicate well with you. She does repeat some of her words.

Research about Autism




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