What is Autism

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by SHADI9747
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Genetics

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What is Autism

-Between 30-50% of people with autism have seizures.-Individuals with ASD suffer from cognitive impairments, though some have typical or above average IQs.-Autism was originally believed to be a form of schizophrenia brought on by a traumatic experience or bad parenting. -Typical ASD BEHAVIORS include stereotyped actions (hand flapping, body rocking), insistence on sameness, resistance to change and, in some cases, aggression or self-injury.

Geneticist Wendy Chung shares what we know about autism spectrum disorder, and what we don't know.

AUTISM AND GENETICS:According to officials at the National Institutes of Health, while there is most likely a genetic predisposition, there must also be an environmental component to autism. The rapid rise in the rate of autism over the last 20 years cannot be attributed solely to genetics.CONTRIBUTING ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS:The National Autism Association believes:Vaccinations can trigger or exacerbate autism in some.Parental Age: A study found that women who are 40 years old have a 50 percent greater risk of having a child with autism than women who are between 20 and 29 years old.Pharmaceuticals: Babies that have been exposed to certain pharmaceuticals in the womb, including SSRI’s, valproic acid and thalidomide, have been found to have a higher risk of autism.Freeway Proximity: A study found that children born to mothers who live within a 1000 feet of freeways have twice the risk of autism.

Scientists agree that the earlier a child receives early intervention services the better the child’s prognosis. All children with autism can benefit from early intervention, and some may gain enough skills to be able to attend a mainstream school.The most effective treatments available today are APPLIED BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS (ABA) and occupational, speech and physical therapy, which have proven to be the most effective.There is no cure for autism, and most individuals with ASD will need support and services throughout their lifetime.Many supposed “cures” for autism advertised on the internet are not backed through scientific studies and can be harmful.

What is Autism?

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a complex set of neurological disorders that severely impair social, communicative and cognitive functions.

Defining Autism

Causes of Autism:

Treatments:

Facts about autism:


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