What Do You Know About Afghanistan?

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by MsCoker
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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What Do You Know About Afghanistan?

Afghanistan249,935 sq. mi., slightly smaller than Texas

Facts and Stats

What do you know about Afghanistan?

1996 – Taliban take control of Kabul.Hard-line version of Islam, banning women form workIntroducing punishments like stoning to death and amputations

Afghanistan is an Islamic country. An estimated 80% of the population is Sunni. The remainder of the population is predominantly Shi'a. http://www.embassyofafghanistan.org/page/afghanistan-in-brief

Part of the controversy surrounding sharia arises because there have been centuries of dispute over how it should be interpreted and implemented.

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Women’s Rights Key Events

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2001 – Oct. US led bombing of Afghanistan following September 11 attacks on US. ' Anti-Taliban Northern Alliance forces enter Kabul.

1998 - US launches missile strikes at suspected bases of militant leader Osama bin Laden – accused of bombing US embassies in Africa1999 - UN imposes air embargo ' financial sanctions in attempt to get Afghanistan to hand over bin Laden for trial1921 - First school for girls in Kabul ' Family Code Law instituted.1923 Afghanistan's first constitution - equal rights for men and women1929 Tribal leaders, angered by Amir Amanullah Khan's modern reforms, force him to flee the country, ' Afghanistan returns to Sharia law1933 Defined by gradual modernization1964 New constitution, modern democracy1978-1978 more laws inacted with rights for women1996 Taliban comes to power ' institute severe version of Sharia Law

Sharia Law

*Combination of sources: the Qur'an (the Muslim holy book), the Hadith (sayings and conduct of the prophet Muhammad), ' fatwas (the rulings of Islamic scholars) * Draconian punishments for crimes such as theft, adultery or blasphemy, amputation of limbs, death by stoning or lashes.

The Afghan Constitution of 2004 contains potentially conflicting provisions regarding freedom of religion.

Capital: Kabul 5,000,000 (approx.)Population: 29,863,000 (2005 est.)Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, coal, copper, chromite, talc, barites, sulfur, lead, zinc, iron ore, salt, precious and semiprecious stonesLand use: Arable land 12% Permanent pastures 46% Forests and woodland 3% Other 39%Literacy rate: 28.7 percent (UN Afghanistan Human Development Report of 2005)

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