What are the parts of a cell?

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by valracquel
Last updated 3 years ago

Cell Biology

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What are the parts of a cell?

Summary of LessonStudents should have learned how muticellular organisms have specialized structures to support the transport of materials. Also how to identify the different parts of a cell and know their individual functions. From the lab students should have observed the similarities and differences of animal and plant cell membranes and cell walls, Example of what students should write: "The plant cell has a cell wall that helps give the cell structure. Inside the cell wall is a cell membrane that surrounds the cell. In the cytoplasm are the nucleus, chloroplasts, a large central vacuole, ribosomes, and other organelles."

VacuoleMembrane bound sacs that are filled with fluid.Store water,food, waste, and other substances the cell processes.

MitochondriaLarge, peanut shaped.Known as the "power plants" of cell.Releases carbon dioxide, water, and a lot of energy.

E.R. Known as Endoplasmic Reticulum.System of membranes and tubes.Twist and turn providing passages through which materials can pass.Two kinds: Rough & Smooth

ChloroplastFound only in plants.Contain pigments that absorb sunlight.Use energy to make food.Pigment chlorophyll gives plants green color.

Organelle A small structure in cells that performs a specific function.A ribosome is one of these.

CytoplasmThick fluid between the nucleus and the cell membraneSurrounds lysosomes, vacuoles, and other cells parts

Animal Cell

What are the parts of a cell?

Cell The basic unit of a living organism. Comes from another cell.Can make a copy of itself.Carries out the functions of life.

NucleusStores DNA.Directs the activities of a cell.

Plant Cell


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