West Nile virus (WNV)

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by lucyhasabighead56b8128694c77
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Health & Fitness
Subject:
Health

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West Nile virus (WNV)

West Nile virus is an arthropod-borne virus, also known as, arbovirus, which is any virus transmitted by a mosquito, tick, etc. SymptomsSymtoms may include: fever, headache, joint and body pain, diarrhea, vomiting and rash. Symptoms will vary for everyone and the severity of the case. Only about 1% of all cases develop severe neurological problems, like inflammation of tissues around the brain.

If there is any suspicion, signs of symtoms and you have been in an area where the virus is quite prominent then doctors may take blood or spinal fluid samples. Doctors can then identify antibodies in the immune system trying to fight the virus. People are usually sick from 2-14 days but that can vary based on the victim's medical conditions and how severe the case is to begin with. Unfortuately, between 3 and 15% cases are fatal.

Unfortuately there are no vaccines for west nile virus. Pain relievers are used to reduce the pain and lower the fever. In severe cases however patients could be hospitalized and given fluids, pain medication and care from the nurses.

Bioterrorism and Epidemics

Treatment

What is it?

West Nile virus is acquired by being bitten by mosquitoes, that are carrying the disease. Often times the mosquitos get the disease from infected birds. The virus is also transmitted from blood transfusions, organ translplants, and exposure within a lab setting.

Causes

West Nile Virus

1.CDC - http://www.cdc.gov/westnile/index.html2. WHO- http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs354/en/3. Medical News Today- www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/249974.php

Diagnosis

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Resources

Prevention

You can repair screens on doors and windows, do not have water available to the mosquitos because they are attracted to water. If you are outside, wear long sleeves, pants, and socks when you can. Use mosquito repellant, and/or protectvie mosquito clothing.

By: Jamie O'Melia

Everyone in the city should be made aware of the harms and effects of the virus since it is fairly evident in southern California and ways to prevent the disease. Workplaces should give their employees government made videos and powerpoints about the virus, that explains what it is and how to treat and prevent it. I plan for ALL workplaces toshow this to their employess as well as having pamphlets in the mail to increase knowledge and understanding of virus so the number of cases can decrease.

Action Plan

Head of CDC

Begum Biology, 1st Due: 2/08, West Nile Virus


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