Wernher von Braun

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Engineering
Grade:
5

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Wernher von Braun

In less than three years , Dr. von Braun's rocket team produced America's first ballistic missile, the Redstone, by expanding on the basic design of the V-2, and on August 1953, the first Redstone rocket was tested at Cape !Canaveral, Florida. On January 31, 1958, a modified Redstone rocket (the Jupiter C) fired the first American satellite, Explorer 1, into outer space. Unlike the simple Sputnik satellite launched by the Soviets in October 1957, Explorer 1 contained scientific experiments (devised by Dr. James A. Van Allen). These resulted in the discovery of the "Van Allen" radiation belts that circle the earth. In May and July of 1961, von Braun's Redstone rockets launched the first two Americans astronauts into space during Project Mercury. Dr. von Braun was the recipient of numerous awards for his outstanding contributions to the American space effort in particular and to science in general. He received the Dr. Robert H. Goddard Memorial Trophy in 1958, the Distinguished Federal Civilian Service Award from President Eisenhower in 1959, the American Astronautics Award from the American Rocket Society in 1955, the Gold Medal Award from the British Interplanetary Society in 1961, the NASA Medal for Outstanding Leadership in 1964, and the Smithsonian Institution Langley Medal in 1967, to name a few

Accomplishments

Born 1912 in Poland.Graduated from Berlin Institute of Technology in 1932.Went to Berlin U and graduated in 1936.

His crowning achievement, as head of NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, was to lead the development of the Saturn V booster rocket that helped land the first men on the Moon in July 1969. Von Braun is well known as the leader of what has been called the “rocket team” which developed the V–2 ballistic missile for the Nazis during World War II. The V–2s were manufactured at a forced labor factory called Mittelwerk. Scholars are still reassessing his role in these controversial activities. In 1960, his rocket development center transferred from the Army to the newly established NASA and received a mandate to build the giant Saturn rockets. Accordingly, von Braun became director of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center and the chief architect of the Saturn V launch vehicle, the superbooster that would propel Americans to the Moon. In 1952 Braun became technical director of the US Army's Ballistic Missile Agency at Huntsville, Alabama and was chiefly responsible for the manufacture and successful launching of Redstone, Jupiter-C, Juno and Pershing missiles.

Family

Maria Luise von Quistorp was his wife. His children are Peter Constantine von Braun, Iris Careen von Braun, and Margret Cecile von Braun.

Wernher von Braun

Work/Awards

Early Life/Education

Bibliography http://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#early-yearshttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#early-yearshttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#synopsishttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#early-yearshttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#working-in-the-united-stateshttp://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.archives.state.al.us/famous/academy/w_braun.htmlhttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#early-yearshttp://www.biography.com/people/wernher-von-braun-9224912#working-in-the-united-stateshttp://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.nmspacemuseum.org/halloffame/detail.php?id=29http://www.archives.state.al.us/famous/academy/w_braun.html

Ordnance departments of armed forces, U.S army, U.S. space program, aerospace company Fairchild Industries, Inc, National Space Institute, and National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Marshall Space Flight Center,

He is famous because of his rockets. His scientific work is his rockets. He changed the world because the rockets he helped design gave the world more facts about the moon.

Where he worked

Some other engineers who have built on his work are engineers from NASA.

His work led to new technology at NASA.

He died of cancer in 1977.


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