Welcome to Alaska: A State with Great Lands

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by AntoinetteG2
Last updated 5 years ago

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography
Grade:
4

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Welcome to Alaska: A State with Great Lands

Fast Facts - Alaska is bigger than Texas, California, and Montana combined!- Alaska officially became the 49th state on January 3, 1959 - Alaska’s name is on the Eskimo word, Alakshak, meaning great lands or peninsula.- 17 of the 20 highest peaks in the United States are located in Alaska.- The capitail of Alaska is Juneau.

Economy

EconomyThe economy of Alaska is driven by three different types of industries. One is the Oil Industry, it made important changes in Alaska. Well, what do you think one of the other ones are? What is Alaska famous for? Fishing of course! Yes, the Fishing Industry is also important to the Economy. The last one, although you might not think it is, but it’s the Tourism Industry. Yes, a lot of people visit Alaska. All three industries are important to the Economy. Let’s go learn more about them.

Geography

Oil EconomyThe Oil Industry is very important to the state. It generates a lot of jobs in Alaska. Primary oil and gas companies generated 5,335 jobs in 2013. That’s amazing right? Well, out of those jobs, 88% were held by Alaskans. Pretty impressive as you can see. Alaska’s oil and gas industry has produced more than seventeen billion barrels of oil and thirteen cubic feet of natural gas. Wow! Now that’s impressive! As a result, oil production has brought so much money to the state that Alaska is the only state that doesn’t have personal or income sales tax. Furthermore, Alaska has collected one-hundred fifty-seven billion ( in today’s dollars) from oil since 1957. The Oil Industry has helped the state in many different ways. Fishing EconomyThe Fishing Industry, doesn’t sound that important to you. Well, actually, it’s really important to Alaska. Just like the Oil industry, the Fishing Industry generates a lot of jobs. The seafood harvesting and processing provides a lot of jobs in Alaska. In addition, in recent years, the Alaska Fishing Industry has generated sixty thousand jobs, only for a short session though. Over a monthly average adjusted basis, there were 8,061 direct full-time equivalent jobs in Alaska attributed to the Fishing Industry in 2011. As a result, people collect a lot of food with all that help. In 2011, 5.3 billion pounds of fish and shellfish, worth over three billion dollars, were harvested in Alaska. One of the leading products is salmon. The Fishing Industry has helped the state in many ways, but is also important to the state. Tourism EconomyLast, but not least, comes the Tourism Industry. Believe it or not, many people visit Alaska each year. Alaska attracts over 1.1 million visitors each year. You might think that’s amazing, but I think you should listen to this. In addition, in 2013, almost two million people visited Alaska. 1.96 million people to be exact. One out of three visitors who visit Alaska come back and visit. Most of the visitors are independent travelers, which first came by cruise. Now that I think of it, most people that visit Alaska come by cruise! Also, remember how many people visited Alaska in 2013? Well, out of those 1.96 million people, 51% (999,600) came by cruise, 45% (871,000) came by plane/air, and 4% (86,300) came by highway or ferry. The Tourism Industry generates over 39,000 direct and indirect jobs, which is 9% of Alaska’s employment. Pretty impressive if you ask me! As you can see, the Tourism Industry of Alaska helps the state a lot and it is very important to the Economy.

Welcome to Alaska: A State With Great Lands ByAngelissa Gutierrez

The Map Of Alaska

Have you ever wondered what the weather is like in Alaska? Of course, you might think it always snows there all year long, but not exactly. Have you ever wondered why Alaska doesn’t have personal or income taxes, or what kind of animals live there? You might think bears, moose, wolves, and mountains goats. You’re right, those are some of the animals that live in Alaska. These are some of the questions you might ask yourself. If you ever plan to live in Alaska when you grow up, then you better listen up. If you want to know more about your future home, then come with me.

GeographyYou might think or imagine that Alaska is always a cold, freezing, terrible place that you don’t want to live in. Well, you are completely WRONG. Alaska has some beautiful places, as a matter of fact. Oh, and we can never forget about Mount Denali, or as we call it, Mount McKinley. You might think Texas is the biggest state in the U.S, but you are so wrong. The animal life, the plant life, Alaska’s regions. You will learn about that too! Come and discover Alaska’s beautiful sights with me. Come, reader come and follow me!

Climate And WeatherAs I told you before, your theory about Alaska’s weather/climate is completely WRONG! First of all, Alaska is different from other states because it is near the top of the earth. This is why Alaska has such low temperatures, but there is something that keeps summer different. The ocean winds help keep the temperatures not extremely hot and not extremely cold. Summer is very different from winter. Temperatures often reach into 55 degrees and range occasionally to top 60 degrees. Extreme temperatures are usually found in the Interior Region, while it’s not unusual for the temperature to rise to over 90 degrees in the Southeastern Region. Furthermore, the North Region is terribly windy with bitter cold gusts that send most of the snow into deep drifts. We’ll talk about regions later. In many parts of Alaska, only the toughest creatures survive. The snow starts as early as September and lasts until May. Temperatures go below 32 degrees, and they feel even colder because of the wind. Frostbite and Hypothermia are common for those who are not prepared. As you can see, weather and climate in Alaska can be warm, hot, cold, freezing, and dangerous too!MountainsAlaska has a mountainous amount of mountains. There are four MAJOR Mountain Ranges in Alaska: The Alaska Range (home of Mount McKinley), The Coast Range, The Brooks Range, and the Aleutian Range. As I said Alaska has a lot of mountains. I don’t mean ten mountains, I mean 20 or more mountains! I will be listing some after this paragraph. I’m pretty sure you have heard of Mount McKinley (Denali). It is 20,320 feet tall, making it the tallest mountain in North America. Mount McKinley was named after a president in honor of president William McKinley. In 1975, it returned to it’s original name, Denali. It was an Athabascan word meaning the great one. Alaska has a lot of different mountains that make Alaska unique.

Alaska’s RegionsAlaska has six different regions: The North Slope Region, Western Alaska Region, Aleutian Region, The Interior Region, Southcentral Region, and the Southeastern Region. You will learn about all six of them later on. You are going to learn what there is in every different region. Come, let’s not waste time, and let’s learn! The North SlopeHere we have, the North Slope Region. Most of this region is tundra and the ground is hard with permafrost. The largest city in the North Slope Region is Barrow. It is 4,541 square miles. The North Slope is commonly called “The Land of the Midnight Sun” because of the tilt of the Earth. The sun rises here around May 10 and sets until or around August 2nd. Millions of migrating birds nest in the North Slope for a time. Caribou and bears enjoy the food sources, and off the coast, whales, seals, and walruses swim in the ocean. The North Slope has very interesting unique features.Western Alaska    Western Alaska is way different than the North Slope. Western Alaska has many lakes, so small that some don’t have any names! Of the coast there are some of Alaska’s islands, like Nunivak, Little Diomede, and the second largest island after Powail, Kodiak. There is a lot of volcanic activity in Western Alaska. Mount Paul has erupted more than 40 times since 1790. The biggest eruption was in 1911. Western Alaska is different from The North Slope Region.The Aleutian Region     The Aleutian Region is not much different from Western Alaska. It includes the Aleutian Archipelago, which are a string of islands in an arc. We also have the Alaska Peninsula. Altogether, they extend more than 1,400 miles. That’s a lot of miles! This is made up of more than 150 small islands which were created by ancient volcanoes. The Aleutian Region has amazing islands, which are very special too. The Interior Region    The Interior Region is a very special region, I should say. First of all, the Interior Region is the largest region of Alaska’s regions. The Interior Region is also the home of the largest mountain in North America, Mount McKinley. The Interior Region also has some gently rolling hills. Also, it has several rivers including 1,265 miles of the Yukon, the third longest river in the United States. The Interior Region is a very important region in Alaska.The Southeastern Region     The Southeastern Region is a very interesting region. The Southeastern Region is known as the Panhandle. It is defined by the shape and the flow of water. The Southeastern Region is made up of a narrow strip of islands, inlets, and peninsulas, including an area known as the Inside Passage. It’s a 15,000 mile strip of coastline with more than 1,000 islands, coves, and bays. Many of the cities can only be reached by ferries. The Southeastern Region is a very important region to Alaska.The Southcentral Region    Last, but not least, is the Southcentral Region. Most people live in the Southcentral Region of Alaska. This region includes the biggest city includes Alaska’s biggest city, Anchorage. The Southcentral Region is also home to the biggest national park in the United States. That national park is The Wrangell Saint Elias National Park. Also, two of the biggest glaciers are in this region. Those two glaciers are Malaspina and Bering. The Southcentral Region is also a special region like the Interior Region.

Plant LifeWell, here we are with plant life. Come on, let’s just get right into the learning. A good portion of Alaska made of treeless plains and one quarter of Alaska has forests. What are some things that might grow in Alaska, you might ask, but you are about to find out. Blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, and lingonberries all grow in Alaska. Also, crawberries and soapberries also grow in Alaska. Fireweed grows along the side of the highway, and 500 types of mushrooms grow in forests. In addition, during the summer, when temperatures rise, bursts of color can be seen from flowers. For example, there are wild asters, beautiful violets, colorful lupines, and pretty larkspurs can be seen from flowers. Some birch and spruce trees grow in the spare taiga forests. Trees are much thicker in the boreal forests. Plant life can be amazing in Alaska.Animal LifeOur last section is Animal Life. Alaska has a lot of animals living there. Animals like wolves, mountain goats, moose, and hundreds of thousands of caribou live in Alaska. Musk oxen were once common in Alaska in the 1800s, but they were hunted to extinction in the area. Alaska has more than 400 species of birds. Some live year round, and others pass once a year to visit and nest. In addition, other birds that live in Alaska are bald eagles, snow owls, puffins and ravens, and lakes and marshes are home to millions of ducks and trumpeter swans. The waters surrounding Alaska contain 15 different species of whales, as well as walruses, and 5 species of salmon. Alaska has beautiful animals that live there.

ConclusionWell, I guess this is the end. As you can see, from what I have learned too, Alaska has wonderful things such as amazing animals, a very interesting climate, very helpful economy, tremendous mountains, and much more. Can you believe that the tallest mountain in North America is settled in Alaska? Alaska has many amazing things, as described in this Glogster. I hope you have learned as much as I have. I also hope you enjoyed reading this Glogster.


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