Weapons of WWI

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by andreeee
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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Weapons of WWI

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1. Firstworldwar.com. (n.d.). Retrieved March 22, 2016, from http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/2. Weapons of World War I. (2012). Retrieved April 03, 2016, from http://alphahistory.com/worldwar1/weapons/


The flamethrower was invented by Richard Fiedler. This weapon brought terror to the French and British when used by the Germans. Coal or sulfur was burned when triggered (like a gun). The flamethrower was very useful in close range combat. The men who operated these weapons had very short life expectancies.

The machine gun, invented by Hiram Maxim. Machine guns were usually mounted on a flat tripod and would be operated by four to six men. A fabric belt or metal strip fed rounds 400-600 small calibre bullets per minute. This was one of the most effective and most important weapons at this time due to its range and firing rate. The machine guns would have a certain limit of use due to overheating, this meant precious time was spent waiting for them to cool off.

"Big Bertha" was Germany's largest and most powerful weapon. This weapon was produced by the German firm of Krupp. Only four of these were made. Once they were ready to be used, these massive weapons were shipped in parts to their destination. Once the destination was reached it was reassembled by a crew of 1,000 men. This was mainly used to destroy the towns of Leige and Namur.

Mortars were a very smart weapon used during WWI. Crews would safely launch explosives from their side of the trenches at enemies hiding on the opposite sides. When the mortars would sucessfully land in the enemies territory the would be killed from the explosion therefore making it easier to flush enemies out. Its light weight made it portable so crews can adjust and moved from place to place depending on the fight.


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