Water Hyacinth

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Water Hyacinth

About the Water Hyacinth: It is a type of flower which floats in water and can grow very tall. Some grow up to 3 feet! Although, they look harmless, they are very aggressive invaders. If you let them grow to cover the surface of a pond they will take too much oxygen, which will kill any fish living in the pond. (Ontario's Invasive Species Awareness Program, date n/a)

Scientific Name: Eichhornia crassipesCommon Name: Water Hyacinth (Wikipedia, 2014)

Originated FromIntroduced in New Orleans, America-Given by a group of visiting Japenese-When the Americans found out they were causing environmental effects to the enviroment for fish and other aqautic plants, they tried to eradicate the water. (Wikipedia,2014) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eichhornia_crassipes-It spread to Ontario later on, because of how fast they can spread, and how undistructable they are with the ability of growing a width of 30 metres and 30 metres tall.

How to Idenitfy the Water Hyacinth-Leaves are floating-Leaf blades are bright green, and thick -Roots are thick, dark purple/black -There are 4-15 flowers on a spike (Ontario's Invasive Species Awareness Program, date n/a)

Controlling Water Hyacinths:There are many reasons towards why citizens should contribute to controlling Water Hyacinths. This includes that the impact it can have to the environment is very big, like I said before, they take too much oxygen killing any other aqautic animals or plants in the water become of insufficiant amounts of oxygen. As well, if citizens help control it, then unaware people can be informed of their effects they have on the enviroment and this way they will know not to plant them. An organization which works with the Canadian Government on protecting Canada from the effects of invasive species is called Ontario's Invading Species Awareness Program. This program wants to raise awareness to all Canadians about the invading invasive species in Canada. (Ontario's Invasive Species Awareness Program, 2014) This organization also involves uneducated people in the field of invasive species and trains them to beable to identify, and report any sighting of invasive species. They run many different workshops, like Aquatic Invasive Species Workshops or running a Invading Species Hotline that people can use to call in to report any sighting of invasive species. To help stop the invasive species from growing into more areas, the program has created barriers to prevent the plants and animals into going into new areas and effecting them. By keeping everything contained in areas they know there are in, it is protecting the land. (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 2012) "Dredging, dams, traps, electrical fields, mechanical barriers, trenching and sticky bands (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 2012) that insects attach too, has made a good impact on the environment by slowly trying to decrease the poplutation of invasive species (Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, 2012) Another more un-natural way of slowly eliminating invasive species is by using chemicals. A positive thing about this is it has little effects on Ontario's eco systems. In conclusion, Onatrios Invading Species Awareness Program has been working very hard to decrease the population of water hyacinths in places where they are damaging ecosystems, but as well all invasive species.

Water Hyacinth

Reasons Why the Water Hyacinth so Successful in its EnvironmentThere are many reasons why water hyacinths are so successful in its environment. This includes that they can absorb toxins and pollutions like lead and mercury. (do it yourself, date n/a) With this ability, they have less of a chance of dying from chemicals. As well in many places they purposly don't kill them, because of their ability to clean polluted and murky water. (do it yourself, date n/a) In addition, because of their ability they have to grow and cover a whole area of water quickly,the chance of them dying before they get to populate the area enough to have a sustainable ecosystem is low.

Work citedBackround image:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Pond_Water_Hyacinth_Flowers.jpgDistributation image: http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20m?kind=Eichhornia+crassipeshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eichhornia_crassipesControlling water hyacinths http://www.mnr.gov.on.ca/en/Business/Biodiversity/2ColumnSubPage/STDPROD_068705.htmlControlling water hyacinths:2014.http://www.doityourself.com/stry/all-about-water-hyacinthshttp://aquaplant.tamu.edu/plant-identification/alphabetical-index/water-hyacinth/Last photo of water hyacinthshttp://lta.iwlearn.org/news/water-hyacinth-an-invasive-plant-in-the-lake-tanganyika-basin

This map represents places in the U.S and Ontario, where water hyacinths are or have been sighted.


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