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vygotskys sociocultural theory

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vygotskys sociocultural theory

Lev Vygotsky(1896-1934)Lev Semenovich Vygotsky was a developmental psychologist known for his sociocultural perspective. He was also a contemporary of Piaget.Read more: Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) http://social.jrank.org/pages/677/Vygotsky-Lev-1896-1934.html#ixzz0t9a5Xo00

Sociocultural Theory

Every function in the child’s cultural development appears twice: first, on the social level, and later, on the individual level; first, between people (interpsychological) and then inside the child (intrapsychological). This applies equally to voluntary attention, to logical memory, and to the formation of concepts. All the higher functions originate as actual relationships between individuals. (Vygotsky, 1978, p.57)

Main Ideas1. Children construct knowledge. 2. Learning can lead development. 3. Development cannot be separated from its social context. 4. Language plays a central role in mental development.Notaland.com

Implications for early childhood educators1. ZPD causes educators to rethink how they intervene.2. ZPD has implicatiions on how we will assess students.3.ZPD causes educators to rethink what is developmental appropriate.

Vygotsky proposed that learning depended on the zone of proximal development (ZPD), which he defined as "the distance between the actual developmental level as determined by independent problem-solving and the level of potential development as determined through problem-solving under adult guidance, or in collaboration with more capable peers."Read more: What Is Vygotsky's Scaffolding? | eHow.com http://www.ehow.com/facts_5589381_vygotsky_s-scaffolding_.html#ixzz0t9ycTPaH

In “Constructivism and Teachers’ Professional Development,” Shoshana Keiny highlights the two conceptions of the teachers’ role. She wrote that “the instrumental model of the teacher as a transferrer of knowledge is misguided. The alternative model is the developmental teacher, a teacher whose role is to develop his or her students as learners, learners who are able to construct their own conceptual structures” (Keiny, 1987).CLICK ON ATTACHMENT BELOW


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