Vygotsky's Development

by clawsonb
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
World Languages
Subject:
English
Grade:
10,11,12

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Vygotsky's Development

Vgotsky's Covnitive Development

Private Speech

The Zone of Proximal Development

- Vgotsky proposed that children incorporate the speech of others and then use that speech to help themsevels solve problems. - Private speech is cildren's self-talk, whcihc guides their thinking and action. - Studies have found that children who make extensive use of private speech learn complex tasks more effectively than other children.

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- A key idea dreived from Vygotsky's notion of scoial learning is that of scaffolding. - Scaffolding is support for learning adn problem solving- May include clues, reminders, encouragement, breaking the problem down into steps, providing an example, or anything else that allows the student to grow in indepence as a learner. - support is provided during early stages of learning.

- Vygotsky's theory implies that cognitive development and the ability to use thought to control our own actions require first mastering culture communication systems. - He believed that learning takes place working within their zone of proximal development which is level of development immediately above a person's present level. - these are tasks that a child could not accomplish but capable at a given time. - The "teachable moment" is when a given child is exactly at their point of readiness for a given concept. - He also believes that higher mental functioning usually exists in conversation and collaboration among groups before it exhists within the individual.

...learning proceeds develoment.

- Vygotsky's theories support the use of cooperative leanring strategies in which children work together to hlep on enoather learn. - Since peers are usually operating within each other's zones of proximal development, they often provide modles for each other of slighty more advanced thinking. - In addition, it cooperative learning makes children's inner speech available to others, so they can gain insight into one another's reasoning process. - Like, benefit from hearing each other "thinking out loud", especially when their groupmates talk themselves through a problem.

Scaffolding

Cooperative Learning


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