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by dalia88
Last updated 5 years ago

Social Studies

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The father of social constructivism...

'Teach like a rope...'Providing what our children need to develop and learn and to ensure none of our children are left alone on the wall.Our expertise is in knowing what kind of rope we should be and adapting our teaching to fulfil that role.

Other Theorists:PiagetChildren are independent learners, discovering knowledge on their own, being active participants in their own construction of knowledge.SkinnerChildren are passive in their learning process. Learning is about change in behaviour.BrunerSupports ZPD through the concept of scaffolding. Learning is dependent on the social environment and one's culture.

* 1896: born. * 1917: graduated in Law. Also studied history, philosophy and psychology.* 1917 - 1924: taught in Gomel, Belaruse included establishing his own Psychological Institute for Handicapped and Mentally Retarded Children.*1924: attended the Institute of Psychology in Moscow, where his formal work in psychology began.* 1924 - 1934: wrote 6 books and his main interest was child development and education.* 1934: died at only 37 years old.

Critical Analysis


More Knowledgeable OtherSomeone who has a higher ability level or better understanding than the learner within a specified task, concept or process. Examples: teacher, parent and peer.Zone of Proximal DevelopmentThis is where the process of engaging with the MKO enables the learner to learn: "What I can do with help". Without MKO input, the learner would not have been capable of learning or completing the task which lies within the ZPD.Inner SpeechPrivate speech which is typical of very young children, is the earliest form of inner speech. This is when language and thoughts unite.

"It is through others that we become ourselves" (Vygotksy, 1987)

Main Theory

Our metaphor

* Highly subjective - not based on any sort of data collection or experiments.* Ambigious and vague - no way of measuring an individual child's zone and fails to consider a child's learning ability, style and current developmental level when compared with other children of the same age. * Not wholly inclusive - doesn't consider children with social communication difficulties, language barriers, or any kind of disability. * Theory on dysontongenesis.

Ethical Implications

"Education must be oriented not towards the yesterday of a child's development, but towards its tomorrow" (Vygotsky, 1978)

* Learning is a social activity. Children need to feel safe and secure and be encouraged to express their feelings and thoughts openly.*Teachers need to be keen observers in order to scaffold children's learning effectively.*Bloom's Taxonomy can be applied to ZPD. Teachers need to judge an appropriate level for a task that lies within the child's ZPD. Optimal learning takes place when children are expected to develop skills that are slightly beyond their grasp.


Classroom Application



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