Vostok and Voskhod

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by TheDoctorProfessors
Last updated 7 years ago

Social Studies
European history

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Vostok and Voskhod

1961 Vostok I- Yuri Gagarin became the first man in space on his one orbit flight.Vostok II- Gherman Tivov was the first man to orbit the Earth for a full day.1962Vostok III- Andrian Nicolayev orbited the Earth 64 times, or four days. It was designed to test human ability in space. Vostok Iv- It was launched one day after Vostok III, being the first two objects to orbit at the same time.1963Vostok V- First long duration orbit for five days.Vostok VI- Valentina Terashkova became the first woman in space.


The goals of the Vostok missions were to build a successful spacecraft that could endure the vacuumn of space and reentry. They simultaneously built satellites and spacecrafts to achieve this goal.

The rockets were designed from existing ICBMs. (Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile) The astronauts were ejected immediately after a few kilometers altitude and parachuted down to land, unlike the design of the Mercury missions. The Vostok 1K design was used to bring the first two dogs in space, Chayka and Lisichka, who burned up in the atmosphere. The mission was not named because of its failure. The next mission, Koable-Sputnik 2 was launched on August 19, 1960, carrying the next two dogs, Belka and Strelka, along with other mice, insects, and human skin. The mission was successful. Being successful, they made plans to send a manned flight into space. However, on October 24, 1960, a rocket exploded, killing over 100 people including Mikhail Yangel, the designer of the rocket. They sent two more dogs in space on Korable-Sputnik 3. However the rocket began to reenter outside of Soviet Territory, so the self-destruct was activated, destroying the rocket and the dogs.


"Vostok and Voskhod." Vostok and Voskhod. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Jan. 2014. ."Vostok/Mercury." Vostok/Mercury. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Jan. 2014. .





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