Vietnam War

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by jilliankrekel
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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Vietnam War

Vietnam War ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~November 1, 1955 – April 30, 1975

Section 22.1The United States first supported the French in Vietnam, meanwhile, the Vietnam revolutionaries organized under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh. While looking for independence for Vietnam the Japanese took control and Vietminh was organized to gain independence for Vietnam. Eisenhower’s main reason for support was to prevent the domino theory. Even with U.S. aid France couldn’t retake Vietnam and was overrun by Vietminh at Dien Bien Phu. The Geneva Accords is what divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel. Ngo Dinh Diem was the anti-communist leader in the south and the Vietcong formed to attack Diem’s government. The Communist north supplied them with supplies through the Ho Chi Minh Trail. As the fighting continued, congress granted Johnson military powers in Vietnam through the Tonkin Gulf Resolution.

Section 22.4North Vietnam was looking for ways to gain an advantage, and therefore started the Tet offensive. As the North Vietnamese became more violent, Secretary of Defense Clark Clifford said the war was unwinnable. When Johnson decided not to run for president, the Democratic Party was looking for candidates and found Robert Kennedy, Eugene McCarthy and Hubert Humphrey. The Republicans nominated Richard Nixon and George Wallace ran as an independent, 3rd party candidate.

Section 22.3As more people were needed in Vietnam, the U.S. used the draft for the first time. In protest, the New Left, SDS, and FSM formed. Citizens began taking sides and people who were pro war were considered hawks and people who were antiwar were considered doves.

Section 22.5Richard Nixon was elected president, and conferred with his Nation Secretary Adviser Henry Kissinger to discuss Vietnamization or gradual withdraw from the war. As the war dragged on Nixon appealed to the Silent Majority. As Lieutenant William Calley Jr. attacked My Lai, riots broke out, especially at Kent State University. As support for the war weakened, information got out through the Pentagon Papers. People thought the president had too much power in the war, so congress passed the War Powers Act.

Ngo Dinh Diem

General Westmoreland

Ho Chi Minh

Section 22.2Lyndon Johnson was determined to contain communism in Vietnam, and so was Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara, and Secretary of State Dean Rusk. The American commander in South Vietnam was General William Westmoreland who led the ARVN. During the fighting, they used guerilla warfare, booby traps, land mines, Napalm, and Agent Orange during search-and-destroy missions. As people watched the war at home, it was said the credibility gap increased.

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