Vietnam war

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Social Studies
World History

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Vietnam war

Robert McNamara was the secretary of defense for the United States. Dean Rusk was the secretary of state. General William Westmoreland was the American commander in South Vietnam and was known for lying to the American people; this was referred to as the credibility gap. Napalm was a gasoline based fire-bomb that burned and killed crops. Agent Orange was a pesticide that killed plants. Later both of these gases were found to be very dangerous. U.S. soldiers used a new fighting tactic called search- and-destroy.

The Tet Offensive attacked the U.S. by the Vietcong after a peace agreement. Clark Clifford was the new United States Secretary Of Defense. Robert Kennedy was JFK’s brother. Eugene McCarthy ran against Kennedy and aimed to end the war. Herbert Humphreys ran against McCarthy. George Wallace was a third-party who ran in Nixon’s campaign.

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The Draft was an enrollment into the U.S. Military that was required by all men over the age of 18. The New Left was a change in American society by the youth. The Student Democratic Society was where the students argued freedom of speech at Berkeley (Free Speech Movement.) During this this time was a separation between the pro-war and anti-war this was known as the Hawks and the Doves.

Ho Chi Minh was a communist leader of the Chinese. He was also the leader of the Vietminh who wanted to make Vietnam independent. The Domino Theory stated that if one place fell to communism others would soon follow. Dien Bien Phu was where the Vietminh took over the French. The Geneva Accords divided Vietnam along the 17th parallel. Ngo Dinh Diem was the anti-communist president who was not liked by most because of his beliefs of the Buddhists. The Vietcong was a group who opposed communism. The Ho Chi Minh Trail was the path along Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. The Tonkin Gulf Resolution was what gave Lindon Bane Johnson permission to put troops in Vietnam (not as a war decleration.)

Section 2

Richard Nixon was the new president in 1969. Henry Kissinger was the security advisor who talked to Nixon about getting out of Vietnam, this was called Vietnamization. Richard Nixon was supported by the Silent Majority, mainly middle-class, mainstream Americans. My Lai was a Vietnamese village massacred by U.S. troops. In 1970 at Kent State University a riot broke out and the ROTC building was burned down. The Pentagon Papers were released showing what actually happened. In 1973 The War Power Act was created which forced the president to advise congress 48 hours prior to sending in troops.

Chapter 22

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