[2015] BenHoeferLainieHarris AvaPaul: Vietnam War

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by NCarpenter
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History

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[2015] BenHoeferLainieHarris AvaPaul: Vietnam War

By Ben, Lainie, and Ava

The Vietnam War was purely territorial. After winning independence from France, Vietnam was temporarily divided into North and South Vietnam. North Vietnam had a communist government that wanted to unify the country. South Vietnam opposed and wanted to stay closer aligned with the west. They went to war because of their different beliefs about the country. The U.S.A. joined the war and fought for South Vietnam mainly for the reason that we believed if the government of North Vietnam prevailed, the other countries around Vietnam would become communists as well. This is called the Domino Effect.

In the Vietnam war, the US needed as many soldiers as possible, this lead to drafting. If you were a boy over the age of 18 with no significant health problems and were drafted, you went to training camp, and then overseas to fight in the war. The training camp lasted for 8 weeks, and the main priority was making sure you could dig a foxhole and shoot a gun. Because the soldiers were highly undertrained, many of them died in the war. The picture below is a memorial in Washington DC to all the soldiers who died for us.

Soldiers in the War

Vietnam War

Death Toll-Vietnam (both North and South regions): 2 million civilians died, 1.1 million North Vietnamese soldiers died, and 250,000 South Vietnamese soldiers died.-U.S.A.: 58,000 U.S. soldiers died or went missing.

Facts

By 1967 Americans became very displeased and restless about the war that the U.S.A. had joined two years before. Many people especially students and intellectuals despised the war and made the valid point that a growing number of civilians in all of Vietnam where becoming victims of war and that in reality the U.S. was supporting a corrupt dictatorship. Campus protests became common and youths would gather around the White House chanting "Hey, hey LBJ, how many kids did you kill today?" Most likely the largest protest was in October 1967 when over 35,000 people gathered around the Pentagon. Most Americans, though not part of any peace movement hated the war because of the growing number of American casualties.

On January 27 1973, a peace treaty was signed between the United States, North Vietnam, and South Vietnam. Fighting continued though as North and South Vietnam began accusing each other of truce violations. The ultimate fall of South Vietnam was in January of 1975. North Vietnam captured several coastal cities and inland provences. South Vietnam finally surrendered on April 30, 1975. The country then became known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Resolution of the War

Why go to War?


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