Victorian Gold Rush

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by gerry1
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World History

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Victorian Gold Rush

There were two different types of mining. They were alluvial and shaft mining. Shaft was the most common form of mining but the downside was you needed tyo purchase more expensive tools than you would with alluvial. The differences between the two are that shaft mining is mostly underground and alluvial is where you mine on the surface of the Earth, for example in creeks and river on the view of the tents to watch a BTN report

Gold Fever

Life on the goldfields was very harsh. Firstly, there was not a big choice of food to eat. There was only damper (a simple bread made out of flour and water), mutton (old meat from sheep), billy tea and simple vegetables such as potatoes. Water had to be boiled to be safe to drink. Butchers made more money than miners, as they sold all of their supplies to diggers and their families. It can also get very cold out on the goldfields, especially at on the lady to play the gold rush game

Women worked just as hard as the men during the gold rush. They did the cooking, washing, house keeping, they looked after the children and they also helped find gold!


The Victorian Gold Rush

Life on the Goldfields

Different Types of Mining

The Chinese travelled in large groups and arrived in the Australian goldfields before the English. They found a lot of alluvial gold by working in teams. By 1854, there were 4000 Chinese in Australia.

There were many different tools used to mine gold during the gold rush. They included cradles, that separated dirt from gold. Shaft miners used windlasses to lift heavy buckets of dirt from the mine shaft. Alluvial miners used pans to search for gold in river beds and creeks. Diggers used shovels to load dirt onto the cradles.

The Chinese



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