Venezuela

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by jordynmarie97
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography
Grade:
11

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Venezuela

History

Venezuela was occupied by indians who lived on the beaches, in its forests, and on the grasslands of Ilanos. The Carib, Arawak, and the Chibcha are the three main groups of indians living in the country. The first explorer in Venezuela was Christopher Columbus. He came in 1498 during his third trip to the New World, and landed on the Peninsula de Paria. Years passed when Alonso de Ojeda came and gave the country its name. Then, Caracas was founded in 1567. Simon Bolivar led the liberation from Spain of much of the continent. Bolivar and his men marched across the Andes liberated Venezuela in 1821. After gaining independence for the new nation, civil strifes, wars, and dictatorships raged in the country. In the early 1900’s, the the constant conflict in the nation slowed as the nation finally began to get on its economic feet with the discovery of oil, and by the 1920s Venezuela was beginning to get the benefits. Leftist Dr. Romulo Betancourt and the Democratic Action Party won a majority of seats in a constituent assembly to draft a new constitution. Venezuela benefited from the oil boom of the early 1970s. When oil prices dropped in the late 1980s and once again the country was thrown into crisis. Riots swept through Caracas and were violently repressed, and two coup attempts took place in 1992. From then on peace, for the most part, had been restored to the country.

Major Mounains: Pico Humboldt, Pico Bolivar, Cordillera de la Costa Central, Rida. Major Rivers: Apure River, Arauca River Branco River, Caroni River, Cuyuni River, Rio Negro, Amazon River Venezuela, Orinoco River.Population: 29.95 millionCaracas- 3,000,000Maracaibo: 2,225,000Maracay: 1,754,256

Venezuela has a Presidential RepublicVenezuela is 90% Catholic

Citations

"Biggest Cities Venezuela." Biggest Cities Venezuela. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013."A Brief History of Venezuela." A Brief History of Venezuela. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013."People of Venezuela." Republica De Venezuela. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Nov. 2013.

GDP: 409 billionMajor exports: USA, Carribean, and China. Venezuela had 42 highest GDP in the world.

Spanish is considered Venezuela’s primary language that’s spoken by the majority of the population, but there are over 40 languages spoken by the people of Venezuela.

The majority (about 68%) of the present population is mestizo (mixed race). Approximately 21% are European, primarily Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and German. Blacks account for an estimated 8–10%, and Amerindians for about 2%.

Corn, sorghum, sugarcane, rice, bananas, vegetables, and coffee are major food staples of Veneuela.


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