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by NadiaRamish
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"The question is not, Can they reason? nor, Can they talk? but Can they suffer?" - Jeremy Bentham It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, is of a different opinion, it is only because they only know their own side of the question.” ― John Stuart Mill

Jeremy Bentham

Bentham was an 17th – 18th century philosopher who, today, is known as the founder of modern utilitarianism. He became a proponent of utilitarianism after he proposed his theories and arguments that morality consists of bringing the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest amount of people. In his, “An Introduction to the Principals of Morals and Legislation,” he talks about his views on the principals of utility and how this view of morality ties into legislative practices. Bentham continues to explain that punishing criminals is an effective way of deterring crime precisely because it alters the outcome of their actions. Punishment, he believes, must fit the crime by changing the perception of the value of committing it.

BORN:15 February 1748 - London, EnglandDIED: 6 June 1832 -London, England

Works CitedZaldivar, P. (2012, January 30). Bentham's Utilitarianism. Retrieved October 17, 2014, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8iygKLQsinUWest, H. (n.d.). Utilitarianism. Retrieved October 17, 2014, from http://www.utilitarianism.com/utilitarianism.htmlKemerling, G. (2011, November 12). Bentham/Mill. Retrieved October 17, 2014, from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/5q.htmUtilitarianism Quotes. (n.d.). Retrieved October 17, 2014, from http://www.goodreads.com/work/quotes/1086777-utilitarianismJeremy Bentham Quotes. (n.d.). Retrieved October 17, 2014, from http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/59867.Jeremy_Bentham

Utilitarianism is the philosophical theory and moral belief that holds that all actions should produce the greatest good for the greatest number of people. In other words, the main idea stated is that an action is morally correct if the majority of people benefit from it. Utilitarianism tries to maximize the happiness in people and reduce the negatives. It is also known as the opposite of egoism, an ethical theory that believes in self-interest is the foundation of morality. These two theories have different views for egoism states that a person should pursue their own self-interest, even at the expense of others. Utilitarianism differs from any ethical theory that makes the rightness or wrongness of an act dependent upon the motive of the agent. According to the Utilitarian, it is possible for the right thing to be done from a bad motive. Utilitarianism has impacted and influenced our laws, politics, and economics.

John Stuart Mill

Mill, a philosopher, wrote a very famous essay, “Utilitarianism,” during 1861, in which he explains his views of utilitarian moral theory. In this essay, Mill agrees with Jeremy Bentham’s principals but also offers his own meaning and structure of utilitarianism. He also believes that everyone can agree that the consequences of human actions contribute to their moral value. Mill has impacted the way utilitarianism is viewed today.

BORN: 20 May 1806 - London, EnglandDIED: 8 May 1873 - Avignon, France

Nadia RamishCLN 4U

This comic points out one of the flaws of utilitarianism. It makes us wonder that while something may benefit the majority; is it ethical and morally correct?



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