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Uses of Nano-Encapsulated Aerogel in Oil Industry

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Uses of Nano-Encapsulated Aerogel in Oil Industry

My IdeaMy idea is to use protective layers of the Nano-Encapsulated Aerogel developed by NASA around drilling site to prevent blowouts(Fires). This will work as a safety measure. Also, instead of burning the methane gas the companies can save it in aerogel containers. E

Advantages• Excellent thermal insulator• Extremely lightweight• In general aerogel is a reusable material•Low density make it useful as a lightweight, volume-efficient insulation material

ProblemWhen crude oil is brought to the surface, natural gas (usually methane) comes up as well. When there is inadequate infrastructure to capture the methane, oil companies generally burn the gas to avoid releasing it directly into the atmosphere. Methane is a greenhouse gas that is many times more potent than carbon dioxide. In the correct concentration, methane gas can be very dangerous and can cause huge explosions if ignited. It has been the cause of many disasters in the mining, water, oil and gas industries.

Creditshttps://technology.nasa.gov//t2media/tops/pdf/MSC-TOPS-50.pdfhttps://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/IOTD/view.php?id=82766 https://nsidc.org/cryosphere/frozenground/methane.html https://www.heatingandprocess.com/methane-gas-detection/https://www.allconnect.com/blog/myths-truths-metrics-behind-natural-gas-flaring/https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-017-07583-0https://technology.nasa.gov//t2media/tops/pdf/MSC-TOPS-50.pdfhttps://technology.nasa.gov/patentshttps://www.nasa.gov/topics/technology/features/aerogels.html

Nano-Encapsulated Aerogel

Krrish JagatapGrade 5

Constraint: Aerogel is also expensive.However there is a lot of promising research going on to make it more useful for practical applications.

Constraint:Making the aerogel in large sized sheets can be challenge.Like NASA, other organizations have started to create larger sheets of aerogel. So, in the near future, making aerogel in various shapes and sizes.

Constraint: Aerogel shouldn’t absorb the materials other than it is supposed to absorb.NASA has developed Nano encapsulated aerogel has a basic coating on it that can also shield it from adsorbing humidity or other gases, which could otherwise bind to the substance and change its properties.

Constraint:It has to be very flexible and should not break into pieces when it absorbs larger quantity of gases.NASA has created aerogels made entirely of polymers. These extremely strong and flexible aerogels can be made into a bendable film. Here, Stephanie Vivod of Glenn creates aerogels using new methods.

NASA spinoff technologies are commercial products and services which have been developed with the help of NASA, through research and development contracts.

• NASA scientists helped a company develop a commercial kiln that turns waste plastic into useful petroleum products • NASA technologies are being used to locate underground water in some of the driest places on the Earth. • LEDs Illuminate Bulbs for Better Sleep, Wake Cycles

Introduction

My Project Idea