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by tlammersshcsd
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies

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Tourism• Uruguay is home to Lago Rincón de Bonete, the largest artificial lake in South America.• Isla de Lobos, a small, rocky island off the southern coast of Uruguay, is home to one of the largest colonies of sea lions in the Western Hemisphere.•Uruguays soccer stadium is called Estadio Centenario, it is located by Montevideo.

People, Religons, and Language • white 88% mestizo 8%, black 4% •Spanish (official), Portunol, Brazilero (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the Brazilian frontier)•Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1%•Beginning at age 18, all Uruguayans are required to vote•population is 3,324,460•The majority of Uruguayans are descended from the first European colonists and settlers, mostly of Spanish, Italian, and Portuguese heritage•These groups make up 86 percent of the total population


Uruguays soccer logo

Map of Uruguay

Government• Current President is José Mujica• Independence date: August 25, 1825•They broke away from Brazil•they have a constitutional republic based government•they have a civil law system based on the Spanish civil code•Their anthem is 1 minute and 54 seconds•The anthem was created in 1848•They had several constitutions•their most recent one was in effect in 1967•name of anthem is Himno Nacional

There are nine equal horizontal stripes of white (top and bottom) alternating with blue; a white square in the upper hoist-side corner with a yellow sun bearing a human face known as the Sun of May with 16 rays that alternate between triangular and wavy; the stripes represent the nine original departments of Uruguay; the sun symbol evokes the legend of the sun breaking through the clouds on 25 May 1810 as independence was first declared from Spain (Uruguay subsequently won its independence from Brazil)

Sports• National sport is soccer• Other sports include basketball, rugby, tennis, and motorsport• won the very first world cup in 1930

History• In 1603 Spanish colonists bring cattle and horses to the open plains of what is now Uruguay• In 1623 Catholic missionaries arrive in Uruguay • Through 1880 and 1883 The Portuguese and the Spanish were competing for control of the region• In 1726 The Spanish found Montevideo, the future capital of Uruguay• In 1830 General Fructuoso Rivera becomes Uruguay’s first president• In 1865 Uruguay joins Brazil and Argentina to fight against Paraguay in the War of the Triple Alliance• In 1930 Uruguay hosts and wins the first World Cup soccer championship• In 1932 Uruguayan women win the right to vote• In 2008 Uruguay experiences a serious drought• 2013 is when Uruguay became the first country in the world to legalize marijuana production and consumption; the law allows the government to produce and distribute the drug, as well as allowing some private growing

Hoildays and Traditions•Some Catholics honor local patron saints with celebrations and may also celebrate name days, which honor the saint for whom one is named. •Christmas Eve and New Year's Eve are celebrated with fireworks, gift-giving, and large family parties. •The week preceding Easter is also known as Semana de Turismo (Tourism Week), when people travel throughout the country and participate in local festivals. •La Semana Criolla (Creole Week) is another large festival held each year during Semana de Turismo. Families and tourists come from all around to see the nation’s best gauchos (cowboys) compete in a variety of events, such as horse breaking, stunt riding, and lasso handling.

Geography •Southern South America, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Argentina and Brazil•total area is 176,215 sq km, which is 68,037 miles•it is slightly smaller than the state of Washington•It borders Argentina and Brazil•the terrain is mostly rolling plains and low hills; fertile coastal lowland•natural resources are arable land, hydropower, minor minerals, and fish•capital is Montevideo•other popular cities are Salto, Rivera, Melo, and Las Piedras

-Fast Facts-

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