Urbanization and Industrial Revolution

by rjewellikns
Last updated 4 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
World History
Grade:
10

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Urbanization and Industrial Revolution

Industrial Rev. & Cities.

AFTERMATH

H I S T O R I C A L C O N T E X T

Enclosure Act: The landowners (nobility) had realized that the land the peasants had been using for subsistance farming was valuable. It could be used to grow cash crops to make that landowner lots of $$$. So many landowners evicted those peasant tennants from their farms. So now many of these former-farmers are moving to towns and cities looking for work in factories that are just beginning to be built. These towns and cities soon face an explosive population growth!

HISTORICAL CONTEXT II

In addition to the Enclosure Acts, Britain was moving away from the Cottage System (where busnissess were run out of homes by skilled laborers) that make things by hand. To the Factory System, where buisness are run out of factoires, largely by unskilled laborers who operate machinery. The machines are what makes the products. These Factoires will hire all those former farmers.

Because of how fast the population grew, and the demand for more factories to produce more products, early industrial cities were a mess!Factories were built next to homes and schools. Tenement buildings went up next to historical parts of towns. Homes were destroyed to make room for railroads and roads. Poorly made tenements were built instead of quality housing. Sometimes up to 9 people lived in one room. Each floor had 40 rooms and they all shared one bathroom. Trees are cut down. Pollution from the factories becomes a major health issue.

The housing that was made for the poor was particularly poorly designed. It was made with the cheapest materials (to save money and increase profit). They were often damp. They were overcroweded. They had not running water. The sewege tank (where toilet waste was disposed of) was often not emptied and overflowed. This sewage mixed with the drinking water and caused diseases such as typhoid, typhus, and cholera.

Cartoon shows a business man paying a river worker. The man is clearly disgusted by this worker, and yet the woker is in this condition because of hte owner of the business; he did not practice fair wages/safe housing. The business man was able to make his money because of the efforts of the worker.

Please note both videos are about the US, but the same conditions wold have existed in Europe.


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