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by AFrancuz18121
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Capetian Dynasty Rules France

- Kings of France looked for ways to increase power.- French counts and dukes ruled their lands independently under the feudal system after the breakup of Charlemagne's empire.- By 1000, France was divided into about 47 feudal territories.- Hugh Capet- was an undistinguished duke from the middle of France and succeeded Louis the Sluggard.- This Capet family ruled only a small territory, but at its heart stood Paris.

France Becomes a Seperate Kingdom Time and geography favored the Capetians, even though Hugh Capet, his son, and his grandson were all weak rulers. Capetian kings tightened their grip on this strategic area for 300 years. The growth of royal power would eventually unite France

Phillip II Expands His Power- Phillip II was one of the most powerful Capetians who ruled from 1180 to 1223, and he was called Phillip Augustus.- Phillip watched his father lose land to King Henry II of England as a child.- Philkip became king at the age of 15 and he set out to weaken the power of the English kings in France. - He was crafty, unprincipled, and willing to do what was needed to do to reach his goals.- Phillip had little success against Henry II or his son Richard the Lion-Hearted.- He earned the name Augustus because he greatly seized the territory of France.- By the end of his reign he had tripled the land under his direct control. This was the first time a French King had become stronger than any of his vassals.

Phillip II's HeirsFrance's central government became stronger during the reign of Louis IX, 1226 to 1270. He was pious and saintly unlike his grandfather Phillip. He was made a saint by the Catholic Church after his death. Phillip IV ruled France from 1285 to 1314, and was involved in a quarrel with the pope in 1302. Pope refused to allow priests to pay taxes to the king. To win wider support against the pope, he decided to include many commoners in this meeting.

Estates-GeneralChurch Leaders were known as the first estate and the great lords were known as the second estate in France. The commoners like the ones that participated in Phillip's meeting were third estate. The whole meeting was called the Estates-General. This helped to increase royal power against the nobility. The Third Estate would play a key role in overthrowing the French monarchy during the French Revolution centuries later.

Beginnings of DemocracyEngland and France were beginning a democratic tradition. This was rested upon setting up a government that was centralized and that would be able to govern widespread lands. Creation of common law and court systems was the first step. Including commoners in the process of decision-making was also an important step. Before they could move forward in this direction, England and France had to deal with a century of disputes, plague, and war.



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