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Francisco Pizarro

In 1532 another conquistador named Francisco Pizarro, marched into a small force into South America. Which was the Incan Empire. Pizarro takes over the Incas.Pizarro and his army of about 200 met the Incan ruler Atahualpa near the city of Cajamarca. Atahualpa who commanded a force of about 30,000 brought several thousand mostly unarmed men for the meeting. But the Spanish waited in ambush, which ended crushing the Incan force, and kidnapped Atahualpa.

Atahualpa offered to fill a room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange for his release. However after receiving the ransom, the Spanish strangled the Incan king. Shocked by their leader’s death, the remaining Incan force retreated from Cajamarca. Pizarro then marched on the Incan capital Cuzco. Which he then captured it without a struggle in 1533. As Cortés and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow conquistadors defeated other native peoples. Spanish explorers also conquered the Maya in Yucatan and Guatemala. By the middle of the 16th century. Spain later had created an American empire. It included New Spain,Mexico and parts of Guatemal as well as other lands in Central and South America and the Caribbean.

Atahualpa offered to fill a room once with gold and twice with silver in exchange for his release. However, after receiving the ransom the Spanish strangled the Incan king. Demoralized by their leader’s death the remaining Incan force retreated from Cajamarca. Pizarro then marched on the Incan capital Cuzco. He captured it without a struggle in 1533. As Cortes and Pizarro conquered the civilizations of the Americas, fellow conquistadors defeated other native peoples. Spanish explorers also conquered the Maya in Yucatan and Guatemala. By the middle of the 16th century, Spain had created an American empire. It included New Spain,Mexico and parts of Guatemala, as well as other lands in Central and South America and the Caribbean.


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