Types of Poetry

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by jrossi112
Last updated 5 years ago

Discipline:
Language Arts
Subject:
Poetry
Grade:
1

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Types of Poetry

Matsuo Basho (1644-1694)Autumn moonlight –a worm digs silentlyinto the chestnut.Old ponda frog jumpsthe sound of water

A sonnet is a poetic form which originated in Italy; Giacomo Da Lentini and is often seen as one of the greatest forms of English poetry, due to the fact that Shakespeare was a master if the sonnet, conducting over 150. This form of poetry is frequently used in order to tell and illustrate the joy as well as sadness of love and life. In addition, the sonnet has upheld a significant place in literature for both its unique form and presentation of content.The characteristics of sonnets:- Sonnets incorporate fourteen lines, usually containing ten syllables within each line. - They are written in iambic pentameters. The word "iambic" refers to the type of foot that is used, known as the iamb, which in English is an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. The word "pentameter" indicates that a line has five of these "feet". - It also follows a strict poetic structure, as well as a set rhythm scheme. (e.g. a,b,a,b) A set rhythm theme, which is referred to letters in which indicate which lines rhyme.

Types of Poetry

There are many differnt types if poetry from all around the world. They are all dependent on the type of poetry style the author chooses to use. Some poetry types are specific towards particular cultures and genres and respond to characteristics of the language in which the poet writes. Poets often adapt forms, styles and techniques from diverse cultures and languages.

SHape Poetry

Haiku is one of the most famous types of non-rhyming poetry and is a very short form of Japanese poetry, commonly based on the natural world. The essence of Haiku is “cutting", which is the contrast of two images or ideas placed with a "cutting word" in between them. In other words it is a kind of verbal punctuation mark, which signals the moment of separation and colours in which punctuates as well as emphasises the ending of a haiku phrase. A haiku is usually composed of seventeen syllables in three short lines. The first line usually contains five syllables, the second line seven syllables, and the third line five syllables. A haiku is usually written in present tense, with a pause at the end of the first or second line, and usually doesn't rhyme.In Japanese, haiku poems are traditionally printed in a single vertical line. However, haiku in English often appears in three lines.

Haiku

Shape poetry is a interesting layout in which the arrangement of words conveys the intended effect based on the conventional elements of the poem, such as meaning of words, rhythm, rhyme and so on.This type of poetry is also based on the writers emotions and ideas towards an object. Also referred to as visual poetry as well as concrete poetry, this style/ type of poetry doesn’t have to tundertake a particular shape towards the poem's subject, however the wording in the poem can enhance the effect of the words, as an example; An angel tumblingd o w n to earth . . .

Sonnets

Ballads

Ballads are narrative poems in which illustrates as well as tells a story that may be an event, the actions of a hero or a protest about a social issue. Ballads are originally an oral form of poetry, passed on from generation to generation by word of mouth, long before they were recorded. Ballads tell a simple as well as direct story using powerful characters, dialogue, easy to follow actions as well as in some cases suspense as the full story is gradually revealed. Many modern songwriters also incorporate and utilize ballads in order for them to portray their stories, as ballads incorporate strong, regular rhyme, rhythm and repartition, it is simple to memorise the words. The following ballad was adapted from an original story. It tells the story of the 'loathly lady', a beautiful princess who has been turned into a hideous hag bythe curse of a wicked witch.

Song lyrics and ballads are similar in that they are both linked to music. However, while ballads are conducted in narrative form (focusing on the story), songs are often lyrical in which they focus on the feelings as well as ideas of the writer. Song lyrics are a popular form in which are engaging due to the incorporation of rhythmic qualities. As a result, they are simple to recall, as well as their subject matter varies and is not limited. Many song lyrics utilize poetic devices such as, similes, metaphors, personification as well as alliteration, in order to enhance the writers attitude towards the subject matter. Within this type of poetic form, rhyme is a common device, as is the vital expression of ideas, thoughts as well as feelings. As I have stated before song lyrics contain a variety of subject matter. Just as love is a common theme within literature, may songwriters focus on love in their songs; being in love, falling out of love, the emotional power of love as well as how we respond towards love. Several writers even present the audience with a different slant on love, as described as well as seen in this song by Sting. (Click on the leaf above)

Lyrics

Free Verse

Several of the most interesting poetry has little to do with rhyme, rhythm as well as structure, however more to do with the expression of ideas in which is portrayed. Within free verses, poets prefer to incorporate the rhythms of natural speech within their poetry, allowing the poem to flow with a natural effect, without being forced along with a definite beat. The rhythm is also based on how lines are put together. (Click on the bird above to discover a free verse poem)An essential fact about free verse poetry is that the poet does not waste words, everything is produced and said in the best possible way as well as order. In additional, each new line is unexpected, either due to the poet's thoughts take a different direction, or because something is vocalized in an unusual manner.Free verse allows the poet freedom as well as flexibility, however it is still well organised and flows easily as well as naturally from the tongue. It is extremely common for modern poets to utilize this type of poetic style within their poetry.

In order to conduct a poem, many poets utilize one object and immortalise it with images in which then stimulates their imagination. Alfred Lord Tennyson has conducted a poem in which uses this procedure, and has inspired a children’s book by Gary Crew and even the sea monster in the film Pirates of the Caribbean. (Click on the green arrow to discover Alfred Lord Tennyson’s poem)

Experimenting with Poetry


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