Type 2 Diabetes

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by Lindsey1604
Last updated 6 years ago

Health & Fitness

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Type 2 Diabetes

Back ground InformationType 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and constitutes the majority of cases worldwide. It comprises 85-90% of all diabetes cases, making it a significant public health issue in the majority of developed countries. There is an increasing body of evidence to suggest that type 2 diabetes is a consequence of increasing levels of obesity, decreased levels of activity, and increased food availability.

Diet Recommendations: The main focus is on keeping your blood sugar level on target. To help manage your blood sugar, follow a meal plan that has:Eat foods from all the food groups, including vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy foods, healthy fats, and lean meats or meat substitutes. Not as many caloriesTry to have the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal or snack.Try to eat Healthy fats.Eat many smaller meals throughout the day so your blood sugar level does not go up extremely high at one meal. Also with maintaining your food diet you can maintain a healthy weight. By losing weight you can maintain a healthy diet. Carbohydrates in the food you consume will give the body energy to function. Not eating is not an option. You need to eat to give your body energy when you have type II diabetes. Try eating food from all food groups to stay healthy and give your body energy.

Requirements for Blood Sugar Monitioring and Role of making adjustments to Blood Sugar:Your doctor may want you to check your Blood sugar level at home which requires a Blood Glucose Meter. The meter works by testing a droplet of blood to check your sugar levels. Normally your blood sugar level would automatically stay in the same range during eating or physical activity. Now you have to check your level to see if it might be to high or too low during eating, physical activity, or the medication you might be taking. Make sure to talk to your doctor about when you should check your blood sugar. Common times to check are normally before a meal or two hours after a meal. But also ask what number the level should be at in order to stay healthy.

Dietician: A registered dietitian (RD) is trained in the field of nutrition. Because food is a key part of your diabetes treatment, a dietitian is very important. Your dietitian helps you figure out your food needs based on your weight, lifestyle, medication, and other health goals (such as lowering blood fat levels or blood pressure).

Endocrinologist: An endocrinologist should also be seen regularly. An endocrinologist is a doctor who has special training and experience in treating people with diabetes.

Podiatrist: This health professional is trained to treat feet and problems of the lower legs. For anyone with diabetes, which can cause nerve damage in the extremities, foot care is important. Podiatrists have a Doctor of Podiatric Medicine (DPM) degree from a college of podiatry. They have also done a residency (hospital training) in podiatry.

Exercise/Lifestyle Suggestions: Exercising helps your body with insulin use, helps you lose extra fat, keeps muscles and bones strong, helps lower your blood pressure, helps improve circulation, boost mood and energy, and lowers your risk for stroke and heart disease.Tips for exercising:Don’t do too much too soon.Stop if you experience sudden pain.Wear the right shoes/use correct equipment.Don’t ignore foot problems.Start a routine.Check your blood sugar.Work hand-in-hand with your doctor to find something that works for you.Wear a medical ID bracelet to alert others to your condition in an emergency.Stay active, eat a balanced diet, check your blood sugar and take your medicine as directed by your doctor, don’t skip doctors appointments, don’t ignore symptoms, keep an eye on your feet (alert your doctor to any problems), visit an optometrist/ophthalmologist, primary care physician, dentist, endocrinologist, and podiatrist regularly and in emergencies, wear a medical ID bracelet to inform others of your condition if you are in need of medical assistance.

Role of Staying Fit: Exercise or physical activity, includes anything that makes you move, such as walking, dancing, or working outside. Every type of physical activity is important for everyone, but it is very important for people that have diabetes. You need to stay healthy by exercising, take an aerobics class or even run on the treadmill, any type of activity will help your body stay fit.

Resource Citations:Mayo Clinic Staff. (2014). “Type Two diabetes Causes”. MayoClinic.org. Retrieved from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/basics/causes/con-20031902Edmundson, A., (2012). “Your Diabetes Care Team”. WebMD.com. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/diabetes-health-care-teamDansinger, M., (2014). “Exercising With Type Two Diabetes”. WebMD.com. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/exercise-guidelines.Unknown. (2001). Background Information on Diabetes. HealthInfoNet. Retrieved from http://www.healthinfonet.ecu.edu.au/chronic-conditions/diabetes/reviews/background-information.Wisse, B. (October, 2013). Diabetes meal Planning. Diabetes Care. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/007429.htmUnknown. (October, 2013). Checking blood glucose. American Diabetes Association. Retrieved from http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/recently-diagnosed/where-do-i-begin/checking-blood-glucose.html

Life with Type 2 DiabetesBy: Lindsey and Kaila


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