Twelfth Night

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Twelfth Night

Dramatic irony is irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters in the play. One example of dramatic irony is when Feste dresses as Sir Topaz and tricks Malvolio. Feste the Fool says,"Sir Topas the curate has arrived to come and visit the madman Malvolio the lunatic," (Act 4 Scene 2). This is dramatic irony because Feste is actually dressed up as the priest Topas. This affects the play because it helps destroy Malvolio mind. Next, in (Act 1 Scene 4) , the Duke says, "Dear lad, believe it, For they shall yet to believe thy happy years That say thou art a man. Diana's lip is not more smooth and rubious; thy small pipe is as the maiden's organ, shrill and sound, and all is semblative a woman's part." This is dramatic irony because Duke Orsino is describing the features of Cesario as if he were a girl, but in reality it is Viola in disguise.

William Shakepeare is an English playwright and poet who was born on April 26, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon. He was the third son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. Most of his life took place in his home town where he recieved a better education than his parents by attending grammar classes at Stratford's Grammar School. He decided to leave grammar school at the age of 15 and married Anne Hathaway at the age of 18. Shakespeare had three kids with Anne Hathaway, two girls and one boy. Shakespeare became a playwright in his early thirties writing plays about tragedies, comdeies, and histories. Many of his plays are said to reference of be about the incidents in his life. Some of his most famous works are Hamlet, Romeo and Juliet, and Henry V. He died on April 23, 1616.

In the play, "Twelfth Night" by William Shakespeare," the character, Olivia, changes throughout the entire play. In the beginning of the play, upon mourning for her father and brother's deaths, she explains that she will never love for seven years, explaining to Cesario, "I cannot love him: Let him send no more," (Act 1 Scene 5). However, after a short period of time, Olivia later states, "Yet come again' for thou perhaps mayst that heart, which now abhors, to like his love," (Act 3 Scene 1) In this statement, she explains her love for Cesario. Olivia contradicts her promise from mourning her father and brother's deaths by falling for a young gentleman soon after.

William ShakespeareBy: Khoi Tran and William Ng

The main plot of the story is: after losing her brother, Sebastian, in a ship wreck, Viola decides to work under the Duke Orsino while disguised as a man under the name of Cesario. Gaining the Duke's trust, Viola, disguised as Cesario, is sent to flirt with the woman he loves, Olivia. However, things go wrong when Olivia ends up falling in love with Viola, whom actually adores Orsino. In the midst of all of this, there are many subplots where many other characters become confused due deceit and trickery. One of these subplots is when Maria, Fabian, Feste, and Andrew get revenge on Malvolio because they all despise him. They get revenge by sending Malvolio a fake love letter that was suppose to be written by Olivia. They make him do crazy things make him insane. Another subplot was about Sebastian who was really alive and Antonio who saved Sabastian. Antonio is wanted by Duke Orsino for theft and cannot walk around freely with Sebastian. All these plots and subplots are tied together when Antonio is arrested, but set free by Viola, Toby and Maria get married, Olivia proposes to Sebastian on accident, thinking he is Cesario, and Viola's true identity is exposed and marries Orsino.

Plot and Subplot


An allusion is an implied or indirect reference to something else in literature. Shakespeare uses many examples of allusions in his play, "Twelfth Night." For example, in the beginning of the story, the sea captain tells Viola, "To a strong mast that lived upon the sea, Where, like Arion on the dolphin's back, I saw him hold acquaintance with the waves so long as i could see" (Act 1 Scene 2). This allusion represents Arion, a famous greek musician who's music was loved by dolphins that one saved him from drowning. The sea captain explains this allusion to give hope to Viola that her brother, Sebastian, had survived the ship wreck. Also, Shakespeare uses an allusion later in the play. For instance, Feste explains, "I would play Lord Pandarus of Phrygia, sir, to bring a Cressida to this Troilus," (Act 3 Scene1). This allusion represents another of Shakespeare's stories, "Troilus and Cressida," where Pandarus brings Troilus and Cressida together. It was used by Feste to explain that he could bring love to Viola.


Who is William Shakespeare?

Dramatic Irony

Citations:-William Shakespeare's "Twelfth Night"-Video:


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