Twelfth Night

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Twelfth Night

Twelfth Night by Shakespeare

Direct characterization This is where the author bluntly states how a character is or acts. For example, Shakespeare introduces us to a character known as Sir. Toby Belch. The name is fitting because Sir Toby Belch can be described as a burpy drunk.Indirect Charaacterization Indirect characterization is where the author doesn't bluntly state what the character is like but instead gives hints and explains how the character is. For example, Shakespeare tells us in act 1 that Countess Olivia is mourning, wearing all black, and won't marry for 7 years! This indicates and shows that shes sad.Character Growth Throughout the play, the characters change and become different. For example, in the beginning Olivia is sad, depressed, wearing all black, and is in mourinig. But once Cesario enters her life with a message shes been happier, wearing brighter clothes, and said to be in love!

Plot After Viola experinces a ship wreck and believes her brother Sebastian is dead, she dresses up as a man and seeks for a job. She later works for Duke Orsino as his messenger for the countess to deliver love messages to her during her time of mourning. Then not long after Shakespeare creates a love triangle with all the main characters. After many acts the audience discovers that Sebastian is indeed alive and starts following Viola's footsteps. Creating a bigger disaster then before.Subplot Maria, Sir Toby, Sir Andrew, and the Fool all play a trick on Molvolio tricking him into believing that Olivia is madly in love with him. Plot Twist Countess Olivia finds out that her lover Cesario is a women.

Gurjot Bhatia and Kabrina Johnson

William Shakespeare was born around April 23rd, 1564. He was also sometimes known as the Bard of Avon and the Swan of Avon. Who in later years married his wife, Anne Hathaway and wrote around 38 plays which are still very popular to this day. Shakespeare created many quotes that are still used today including "some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness thrust upon them."

About William Shakespeare

The plot

An allusion is a reference to mythology, a historical event, science, or religion. In Shakespeare's play ''Twelfth Night" he uses many allusions to make his plays sound more interesting. For example, on page 11, Act 1 Scene 2, Viola says, "My brother he is in Elysium." Elysium is a place im Greek mythology where those who've passed away go. So in other words Viola is stating that her brother is dead.



Dramatic Irony Dramatic irony is a type of irony where the audience understands what is happening in the story, but the characters do not fully know what is happening in the situation. An example of this would be when Olivia asks Sebastian to marry her thinking that he is Cesario. "Nay, come, I prithee. Would thou'dst be ruled by me!" (p.145) Olivia says to Sebastian in Act 4 Scene 2. Olivia does not know that Sebastian is not Cesario, but the audience fully understands this. Situational Irony Situational irony occurs when the result of a situation is different than what is expected. For example, when Viola dresses as Cesario to find work, but Olivia falls in love with Cesario not knowing that she is a girl. "By innocence I swear, and by my youth, I have one heart, one bosom, and one truth and no woman has, nor never none shall mistress be of it, save I alone. An so adieu, good madam. Nevermore will I my master's tears to you deplore" (p.101) Cesario says to Olivia in Act 3 Scene 1. In this quote, Cesario (Viola) is trying to tell Olivia that she can not love her.Verbal Irony Verbal Irony occurs when someone says something opposite of what they actually meant. For example, Sir Toby and Fabian both tell Sir Andrew and Cesario horrible things about the other to make them fight each other when neither of them want to fight. "Ay, but he will not be pacified. Fabian can scarce hold him yonder" (p.129) Sir Toby tells Sir Andrew in Act 3 Scene 4. Sir Toby tells Sir Andrew that Cesario wants to fight him even though he does not.


This video is the trailer to the movie Twelfth Night. The short clip shows some of the plot of the play written by Shakespeare which includes literary devices, love triangles, and plot twists


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