Next-Gen

Tuskegee Airmen

by thomasmiller
Last updated 8 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
History

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Tuskegee Airmen

Tuskegee Airmen

Who They Were...

The Tuskegee Airmen were deticated, determined young men who volunteered to be America's first African American military airmen. In July, 1941 the first aviation cadet class began at Tuskegee Army Air Field in Tuskegee Alabama. In March 1942 the first cadets training was finished. Of the13 who started 5 completed the training. From 1941 to 1946 996 pilots graduated from T.A.A.F.450 of the graduates from TAAF served overseas during W.W. II. in either the 99th fighter squadron or the 332nd fighter group. The 99th fighter squadron trained and flew in the P-40 Warhawk plane during combat in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy from April1943 until July 1944. It is said that the Tuskegee Airmen fought two wars, one over seas against military forces and another against racism at home.

World War II

Causes and Effects

Charles McGee

Charles McGee was one of the first Tuskegee Airmen in this interview he talks about his experiences at TAAF, fighting in W.W.II, and life after his time in Europe.

-The Airmen were very successful during W.W.II in escorting bombers. They lost only a small number of bombers to enemy fire in over 200 missions. It is a record unmatched by any other fighter group.-In June 1944 two pilots from the 332nd fighter squadron flying P-47 Thunderbolts dicovered a German destroyer in the harbor of Trieste, Italy.-In 1948 President Harry Truman enacted Executive Order No. 9981 which was the first step to ending racial segragation in the U.S. armed forces.-In 1998 the U.S. Congress gave $29 million to develop the Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site.

Images

Pilots attending a mission briefing in Italy 1945.

The 99th fighter squadron

The Airmen stand at attention during training in 1942.

A pilot looks on at other Tuskegee Airmen in flight during their training at TAAF.

Tuskegee Airmen Veterans are honored at a ceremony in 2006.

Works Cited

"Tuskegee Airmen Hisory." www.tuskegeeairmen.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.tuskegeeairmen.org/Tuskegee_Airmen_History.html>."Tuskegee Airmen Hisory." American Visionaries. Booker T. Washington, 10 April 2000. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.nps.gov/museum/exhibits/tuskegee/airoverview.htm>."Tuskegee University." www.tuskegee.edu. N.p., 2003. Web. 17 May 2010. <http://www.tuskegee.edu/Global/story.asp?S=1127695>.


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