Alan Turing

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Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Historical biographies

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Alan Turing

Digital Storytelling

Alan TuringThe Story about birght mind

During World War II, Turing was a leading participant in wartime code-breaking, particularly that of German ciphers. He worked at Bletchley Park, the GCCS wartime station, where he made five major advances in the field of cryptanalysis, including specifying the bombe, an electromechanical device used to help decipher German Enigma encrypted signals. Turing’s contributions to the code-breaking process didn’t stop there: He also wrote two papers about mathematical approaches to code-breaking, which became such important assets to the Code and Cypher School (later known as the Government Communications Headquarters) that the GCHQ waited until April 2012 to release them to the National Archives of the United Kingdom.

Historical context

Sourceshttp://www.utellstory.com/viewstory/view/6840a294b2d7d6ede8ed15d607e9dde2#playerhttp://www.biography.com/people/alan-turing-9512017#awards-recognition-and-apology

Documentary about him

In 1952, Turing was arrested because of his homosexuality.He said "I don't see anything wrong in my actions".He tried to save his career by pledding guilty and the judge offered him a choice: spend an year in prison or endure an experimental hormone treatment to "fix" his sexual orientation. Turing chose the second way, that amaunted to a chemical castration. This treatment caused him to grow breasts and impotence. In 1954 he committed suicide by eating an apple with a lethal dose of cyanide.It tooks decades for Turing to receive the respect in death that he never received in life.

His end

Alan Mathison Turing was one of the most brilliant mathematicians and scientists of the 20th century. He is described as the father of modern computer science. He was born in 1912 in Paddington (London). Since he was a child he showed his skills in scientific subject but he suffered from a feeling of isolation and found it difficult to make friends. He started attending the University of Cambrige in 1931 and he graduated in 1934 with the highest grades. Then, in 1936, he moved to Princeton University (U.S.). Here he published an article where he described for the first time the machine that will become the famous "Turing Machine".

An Enigma machine was any of several electro-mechanical rotor cipher machines used in the twentieth century for enciphering and deciphering secret messages. Enigma was invented by the German engineer Arthur Scherbius at the end of World War I.[1] Early models were used commercially from the early 1920s, and adopted by military and government services of several countries, most notably Nazi Germany before and during World War II.[2] Several different Enigma models were produced, but the German military models are the most commonly recognised.

Enigma machine

Who was Alan Turing?

Turing was honored in a number of ways. In 1999, Time magazine named him one of its "100 Most Important People of the 20th century," saying, "The fact remains that everyone who taps at a keyboard, opening a spreadsheet or a word-processing program, is working on an incarnation of a Turing machine." Turing was also ranked 21st on the BBC nationwide poll of the "100 Greatest Britons" in 2002. By and large, Turing has been recognized for his impact on computer science, with many crediting him as the "founder" of the field.Following a petition started by John Graham-Cumming, then-Prime Minister Gordon Brown released a statement on September 10, 2009 on behalf of the British government, posthumously apologized to Turing for prosecuting him as a homosexual

Awards, Recognition and Apology

A statue of Alan Turing at the Bletchley Park Museum


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