Tundra

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by samicles
Last updated 6 years ago

Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Ecosystems

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Tundra

Area(s) Found:-located on mountains-alpine tundra-northern hemisphere, encircling the north pole and extending south to the coniferous forests of the taiga-arctic tundra

Primary ConsumersPrimary consumers: caribou, deer, arctic hare ,lemmings Secondary consumers: arctic foxes, seals, penguins

Vegitation:-low shrubs, sedges, reindeer mosses, liverworts, and grasses-400 varieties of flowers-crustose and foliose lichen-tussock grasses, dwarf trees, small-leafed shrubs, and heaths

TUNDRA

Abiotic Factors-temperature (cold in winter)-rainfall (very little in the tundra)-mineral composition (tundra has poor soil)-season (long and cold winters; short summer days)-altitude (determines whether it is an arctic tundra or an alpine tundra)-cloud coverage-angle of sunlight-wind (strong in the tundra)-permafrost (only top layer of soil thaws in summer; so trees cannot grow)-presence of rocks


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