Tropical Storms

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by AKLukasiak
Last updated 7 years ago

Discipline:
Social Studies
Subject:
Geography

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Tropical Storms

TROPICAL STORMS

BUILD YOUR DISASTER SUPPLIES KIT!

Water-Store 1 gallon of water per person per day (2 quarters for drinking 2 quarts for food preperation/sanitation.-Keep at least a 3 day supply of water for each person in your family.Food-Ready to eat cannes meats, fruits, and vegitables.-Canned juices, milk, and soup.-Staples: sugar, salt, and pepper.-High energy foods: peanut butter, jelly, crackers,granola bars, trail mix.-Vitamins.-Food for infants, elderly persons or people on a special diet.-Comfort/stress foods ,cookies,hard candy,sweetened cereals,lollipops,instant coffee, tea bags.Tools ' Supplies-Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and untensils.-Emergency preparedness manuals.-Battery operated radio and extra batteries for that.-Flashlight and extra batteries for that as well.-Cash or traveler checks and change.-Non-electric can opener,and utility knife.-Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type.-Tube tent.-Plyers.-Tape.-Compass.-Matches in a waterproof container.-Aluminum foil, plastic storage containers.-Signal flare.-Paper,pencils,needles,thr-eads, and medicine dropper.-Shut off wrench (to turn off household gas and water)-Whistle.-Plastic sheeting.-Map of area(for locating shelters).-Fully charged cell phone and extra batteries.Sanitation-Toilet paper, towlettes, soap, liquid detergent, personal hygeine items, plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses),plastic bucket with tight lid, disenfectant and household chlorine bleach.Clothing ' Bedding-Sturdy shoes or work boots and rain gear.-Hat and gloves, thermal underwear and sunglasses.-Blankets or sleeping bags.Special Items-FOR BABY: Formula, diapers, bottles, powdered milk and medications.-FOR ADULTS:Heart and high-blood pressure medications, insulin, prescription drugs,denture needs, contact lenses and supplies, extra eyeglasses, entertainment games and books and important family documents.Keep these records in waterproof,p-ortable container:-Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks, and bonds.-Passports , social security cards, immunization records.-Bank account information, credit card information.-Inventory of valuable household goods, important telephone numbers.-Family records (birth, marriage,death certificate)-Keep disaster checklist in your disaster supply kit.

WHEN THE STORM APPROACHES

-Listen for weather updates.Hurricanes are unpredictable, so remained informed.-Have your car ready. Check your gas, oil,water, and maintenance.-Board up or put storm shutters on windows. When windows break houses are destroyed.-Leav swimming pools filled. Super chlorinate the water and cover pump and filtration swimming intakes.-

PREPAREDNESS

-If power outage occurs,turn off or disconect all motor driven appliances and fixtures to avoid damage from sudden surges when power is restored.-Avoid using candles, as they may result in fire.Use a flashlight.-Fill clean containers with water for drinking and cooking.-Turn the refrigerator and freezer controls to the coldest settings.-To keep spoiling and thawing of food to a minimum, open the refrigerator.-Or freezeras seldom as possible during a blackout.Food will stay frozen for up to 48 hours if a freezer is full and tightly packed and the door is kept closed.Food in a partly filled freezer may keep for 24 hours.-Fill empty freezer spaces with reusable ice containers, or fill empty milk containers about four fifths full of water, cap the containers loosely and place in empty space.-If food in freezer does defrost, use it within one or two days. Never refreeze food that has thawed completely. How do you tell if food has gone bad? The rule of thumb is, "If in doubt, throw it out!"

IF YOU CAN STAY HOME:-Obtain and mark clean containers for storing water. You should have a minimum of one gallon per person.-Obtain a week's supply of non-perishable foods.Dont forget a non-electric can opener.-Stay inside, away from windows.-Wait for official word that the danger is over. Dont be fooled by the storms calm eye.

IF A WARNING HAS BEEN ISSUED:-In the event of a hurricane warning for your area , your local t.v will provide frequent updates about the storm as well as advice from local officials.Keep listening to local radio and television for information, as the intensity and the path of the hurricane can change quickly, and without notice.

Hurricanes:Dam-age ' Effect of HurricanesINTENSE FLOODING-When making landfall along the coastline, a hurricane brings more than its intensely powerful and destructive winds ashore.Hurricanes also are responsible for a range of weather impacts,from storm surge and flooding caused by heavy rains to tornadoes.-5 to 10 inches of rainfall or more.Storm Surge-Storm surge=rapid rinse in the level of water that moves onto land as the eye of the storm makes landfall. Generally speaking, the stronger than the hurricane, the greater the storm surge.-As a hurricane approaches the coast its wind drive water toward the shore.Once the edge of the storm reaches the shallow waters of the continental shelf, water piles up.Wind of hurricane strength force the water onto shores.-A cubic yard of water weighs about 1,700 pounds.-The greatest storm surge occures to the right of where the eye makes landfall.Winds-The winds range from 74mph (65 knotts) in a minimal storm to greater than 155mph (139 knotts)in a minimal storm to greater thatn 155 mph {136 knots} in a catastrophic one.-Wind is responsible for much of the structural damage caused by hurricanes.-High winds uproot trees and tear down power lines.-

HURRICANE;WH-AT YOU NEED TO KNOW -Observe electrical safety measures.If your home has been flooded, have an electrician check your electrical systems before you turn them back on. Stay far away as you can from downward powerlines. You dont have to touch a downward powerline to be electricuted-if the line is touching any object, including the ground, it poses a deadly hazard. Be alert and be careful.-Know what to do if your power is out.Once the storm is over and restoration efforts begin, stay tuned to radio stations for regular reports about the status of electrical service restoration efforts.If your home is still without power once electricity has been restored to your neighborhood call the power company. Do not call 911 to report a power outage.-Prepare yourself for safety after hurricane.The best thing ot do, if at all possible, is to stay away from home until basic services like electricity ;sewer,water and telephone are restored. If you do have to return, bring battety-operated flashlights and radios.Camping equipment, such s a fuel-operated stove and lantern,can be used for cooking and lighting.Have plenty of non-perishable food and drinking water stored.If someone in your household is dependent on electric-powered life-sustaining equipment, remember that you will need an alternate power source.-Please reveiw this important information if you plan to use a portable generator.The use of portable generators has increased dramatically.While these generators can be helpful during periods of prolonged power outages , they can dmage appliances and threaten the lives of crews trying to restore service.-Always ground in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.-Turn off power at the main circuit breaker of your electrical panel before you connect any appliances to the generator, and keepit turned off the entire time the generator is in opperation.-Never connect the generator to your home's wiring system.

AFTER A STORM-Have valid identification. You will not be allowed back into your area unless you can show proof of residency.-Stay at home and avoid sightseeing, which can impede emergency and recovery response from officials.-Beware of snakes, insects, and NIMls driven to higher ground.-Avoid downed dangling utility wires.-Enter your home with caution.-Be cautious with fires. Do not strike matches until you are certain there are no gas leaks.

IF YOU MUST EVAC-UATE-Pack what you will need.-Turn off water and electricity at the main valve,breakers, or fuses.-Turn off propane gas tanks that serve individual appliances like a stove or grill. Do not turn off natural gas unless local officials advise you to do so.While you may turn water and electricity back on, only a proffesional should turn gas back on to avoid the possibility of a leak leading to explosion. Since it can take weeks for a professional to respond, do not turn off the gas unless you are told to do so, or you suspect a leak.


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