Tropical Savannah

by ARFleckinger
Last updated 7 years ago

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Discipline:
Science
Subject:
Animals
Grade:
11

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Tropical Savannah

The savanna elephant occurs in eastern and southern Africa, with the highest densities found in Botswana, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Zambia and South Africa. Its microhabitat is in the Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Flooded Grasslands and Savannahs, Miombo woodlands, and Acacia savannahs.

Elephants have only limited interaction with other species. They are vegetarian (no predator-prey relationships) and are very difficult to eat. Because vegetation is not particularly scarce, there are no competition relationships. Their thick skin also makes it difficult for parasites to take hold, although there are numerous parasites that are capable of doing so.

African Elephant(Loxodonta Africana)

African Bush Elephant Range Map

Few animals prey on elephants, but sometimes if there are small or sick elephants wandering away from the main herd, some creatures may try to attack. Predators are :Lions, Tigers, Crocodiles, Jaguars Leopards, and Humans. - Humans rarely eat elephants, but often poach them for their ivory tusks.

The African Bush Elephant is a K-selected species because their population size is at or near the carrying capacity. Few offspring that take a long time to develop ensure that the population doesn't grow too rapidly and exceed the carrying capacity and outstrip the resources of the environment. Follows a type-1 survivorship curve.

Elephants are vegetarians, so they have very few examples of intraspecific competition. However, when their habitat is destroyed, they are forced to compete for water with domestic herds.

The African Elephant's trunk is an important adaptation for surivial in its niche. African elephants use their trunks for drinking, bathing, smelling, breathing, feeling, and grasping food. They also use their trunk as a snorkel when they travel through large amounts of water, such as ponds or a river.


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