Tropical Ecosystem - Abiotic Factors

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Tropical Ecosystem - Abiotic Factors

Tropical Ecosystem Abiotic FactorsBy Jessica Schnabel

Geography and ElevationThe elevation of rainforests is below 3,000 feet. Rainforests and tropical ecosystems are usually located around the equater where temperatures stay around 85 degrees year long. Rainforests are found on less then 2% of the Earth's surface area.

The soil found in tropical ecosystems such as rainforests is considered very deep, so deep in fact that it is known as the deepest soil found on the whole Earth. However, most of this soil is lacking nutrients and minerals. The top layer of the soil though, is rich and filled with great amounts of minerals and nutrients that keep the ecosystem filled with vegetation and animals. The minerals and nutrients in the soil is recycled from the vegetation and animals living in the ecosystem keeping the topsoils of the ecosystem rich and filled with nutrients that the ecosystem thrives on.

In a tropical ecosystem, such as a rainforest, the average temperatures usually don't rise above 93 degrees fahrenhiet, and rarely drop below 68 degress fahrenheit. It is very humid in the rainforests, humidity levels are on average around 78%.

Temperature Ranges

In a rainforest or tropical ecosystem water resources are many. Rainfall in a rainforest can be over 100 inches per year, so water gathers in streams and rivers that lead to gorgeous waterfalls and creeks that spread all over a rainforest. The currents in these places can vary from high currents that pack enough force to sweep an animal under the water, to just a quiet stream that flows gently along. Animals from all over the rainforest ecosystem can drink from these places or even find food from them.

Water Resources

RainfallThe amount of rainfall in a tropical ecosystem like a rainforest has from 50 to 250 inches of rainfall per year. The average amount of rainfall in a rainforest would be around 100 inches of rainfall per year.



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