Trench Warfare

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by acullen1
Last updated 6 years ago

Social Studies
World War I

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Trench Warfare

Life Inside Trench Warfare

Trench warfare started by as early as 1915. Trench warfare is a style of fighting that was used in the Western and Eastern fronts during World War One. Trench Warfare is when soldiers fought each other from tenches to protect themselves from enemy fire and artilery. Armies on the front lines of the trenches traded huge losses of human life for pitifully small land gains for a better strategic point on the battle field.

A Avergae Day in the Trenches:5am - 'Stand-to' (short for 'Stand-to-Arms', meaning to be on high-alert for enemy attack) half an hour before daylight5.30am - Rum ration6am - Stand-to half an hour after daylight7am - Breakfast (usually bacon and tea)After 8am - Clean themselves, clean weapons, tidy trenchHear from veteran TommiesSoldier on watch while others restNoon - DinnerAfter dinner - Sleep and downtime (one man per ten on duty)5pm - Tea6pm - Stand-to half an hour before dusk6.30pm - Stand-down half an hour after dusk6.30pm onwards - Work all night with some time for rest (patrols, digging trenches, putting up barbed wire, getting stores, replacement of unit of soldiers every five days)

Diseases and Sickness:In trench warfare countless infections and diseases occurred, many of which ended the young men’s lives. These are some of the many common diseases and infections that occurred; Trench foot, shell shock, blindness/burns from mustard gas, lice, trench fever, cooties (body lice) and the ‘Spanish Flu’. These not only left the men fighting for their country, but they were fighting for survival. The common cold and flu was also a big part of trench warfare. During the war, “rats were detested by both sides; they carried diseases and grew fat and sluggish on the rich pickings of German, French and Britain alike in no man’s land.” (The Western Front, David Ray, page 39)

Was Trench Warfare worth all the loses?

Living Conditions in the Trenches:"Life in the Trenches was almost unbearable. The men were forced to become unhygienic and never once had a clean pair of clothing. They continuously suffered severe diseases and they hardly ever had a full tummy to keep them going. The men were continuously tormented by the ongoing threat of death. Life in the Trenches was like hell on earth!"- Colonel Joseph Hyde Pratt


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